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Willowyard

A Category B Listed Building in Beith, North Ayrshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.7467 / 55°44'48"N

Longitude: -4.6545 / 4°39'16"W

OS Eastings: 233477

OS Northings: 653562

OS Grid: NS334535

Mapcode National: GBR 38.BYTP

Mapcode Global: WH2NB.GTSC

Entry Name: Willowyard

Location: Beith

County: North Ayrshire

Parish: Beith

Locality: Kilbirnie and Beith

Traditional County: Ayrshire

Listing Date: 2 December 1980

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Building Class: Cultural

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB963

Source ID: 331418

Description

1727 (dated). 3-bay 2-storey and attic former farmhouse with steep crowstepped gables; later large extension to S and porch to W (both out-of-keeping with original building). Random yellow sandstone rubble; raised window margins; raised angle margins with corniced caps; moulded eaves course.

W (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: 3 bays. Later 20th century piend-roofed porch to centre R; flanking single windows, 3 to 1st floor.

E (REAR) ELEVATION: 3 bays. Later window surround to ground floor; door converted to window at R.

N GABLE: blocked opening to ground R; 1st floor window above; small blocked attic window.

INTERIOR: no surviving original features.

UPVC windows replacing timber sash and case windows. Grey slates laid in diminishing courses; coped ashlar end stacks.

Statement of Interest

Willowyard house dates from 1727 as '727J' or 'Z27J' is carved on the skewputt of the house. William Simson is recorded as the owner around the mid 18th century. By the late 18th century the place was a thriving farmstead and in the Edinburgh Advertiser of 1786, the lands of Willow Yards were for sale and described as follows: 'consisting of about 175 English acres of arable land, well enclosed and subdivided into fifteen fields, and let by one lease to three substantial tenants for 19 years at £130 per annum'. Upon this property there is a good house, and garden stocked with fruit trees, a malt mill and an elegant court of offices newly erected. A valuable flag and stone quarry has been opened in the ground and it is believed there are both coal and limestone in it'. There are about ten acres of wood and a good deal of timber on this farm; and thriving belts of planting surround the greatest part of it'.To encourage offers it will be exposed at £3000'' In the Heritors' Records of 1820-22 the owner of Willowyards is recorded as being Robert Steele and the lands were assessed as the 14th most valuable in the parish. In the Staistical Account of 1839 Alexander Shedden is noted as the owner. The 1st edition OS map of 1856 shows the house with adjacent U-plan outbuildings and circular horse-engine house. These buildings, together with the layout of the garden and woods, were in evidence on the OS maps of the early 20th century. Unfortunately, these no longer exist and late 20th century development has swamped Willowyard house. Now part of Willowyard Industrial Estate, the house remains an important reminder of a once prosperous estate, despite loss of the interior. The building is also significant as one of Beith's few remaining fine early vernacular buildings. The rubble walls would have been harled and the window and angle margins left as exposed dressed stone; the roof is likely to have been thatched originally.

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