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Latitude: 51.566 / 51°33'57"N
Longitude: -3.3491 / 3°20'56"W
OS Eastings: 306584
OS Northings: 186095
OS Grid: ST065860
Mapcode National: GBR HQ.DD9S
Mapcode Global: VH6DQ.WWTX
Entry Name: Cwm Coke Works Southern Cooling Tower
Listing Date: 24 November 1993
Last Amended: 18 July 2000
Source ID: 13538
Building Class: Industrial
Location: One of a pair of wooden cooling towers located opposite the offices in the centre of Cwm Coke Works. Immediately to the S of and aligned with the larger northern tower.
County: Rhondda Cynon Taff
Community: Llantwit Fardre
Traditional County: Glamorgan
Cwm Coke Works was established in 1957 by the National Coal Board to produce coke from coal mined at Cwm Colliery. The coke was used in iron foundries, metal smelting furnaces, sugar beet refineries, brickworks, and heating boilers. Coke works were once commonplace, and were frequently attached to collieries or steelworks, but few are now operational in Britain. Cooling towers were often found at coke works as well as at power stations, chemical works, and other sites where water cooling was necessary, from the late nineteenth century. The earliest were made of timber, but these were gradually replaced with parabolic concrete structures from the 1920s. Very few wooden cooling towers now survive anywhere, although they were once common features of industrial areas throughout the world.
The towers at Cwm Coke Works are unusual in having been built at so late a date, but they follow traditional construction methods going back to the end of the C19.
The south tower is square in plan, approx 6 x 6m and tapers slightly to a flat open top about 15m high. The timber planks which make up the walls are placed vertically and supported on horizontal and diagonal members which are in turn fixed to an exterior frame of vertical posts, also of wood. The base consists of spaced slats to permit ventilation into the tower which causes the steam to condense.
Listed II* as one of an exceptionally rare pair of surviving towers illustrating this important historic technology.
Other nearby listed buildings