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S Gatehouse at Ewenny Priory (house)

A Grade I Listed Building in Ewenny, Vale of Glamorgan

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4879 / 51°29'16"N

Longitude: -3.5687 / 3°34'7"W

OS Eastings: 291178

OS Northings: 177712

OS Grid: SS911777

Mapcode National: GBR HD.KK1Q

Mapcode Global: VH5HK.3V6S

Entry Name: S Gatehouse at Ewenny Priory (house)

Listing Date: 3 March 1998

Last Amended: 3 March 1998

Grade: I

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 19471

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: At the S boundary of Ewenny Priory garden adjoining the parkland S and the precinct wall W.

County: Vale of Glamorgan

Community: Ewenny

Locality: Ewenny Priory

Traditional County: Glamorgan

History

Originally part of the early defensive enclosure of C12 but substantially altered c 1300, like the N gatehouse; here a flanking tower was added on E side. Precinct wall adjoined on both sides but main S section was demolished in early C19 as part of extensive remodelling of house and landscape, the line roughly coinciding with the present haha. Gatehouse further altered in 1860s when it was converted by J Prichard into a cottage, involving much restoration and reconstruction of the medieval work including the 3 gateway arches. Top Lodge to S is a C19 version of this building and the 3 lodges are linked by a roughly N/S drive though this is no longer in use.

Exterior

Gothic Gatehouse faces S. Of coursed stone rubble with ashlar dressings . Plan of polygonal tower to E and gateway W; precinct wall adjoins at W and stretch of ruined precinct wall at E. S front of gateway has trefoil headed light under square hood mould to first floor just below the embattled parapet supported on a corbel table; below is the outer ashlar entrance arch with narrow chamfered imposts and broach stops. To right the projecting gatehouse has a deep spur base, arrow loop W, chamfered trefoil headed lights to each storey E and to first storey S, small slit lights, putlogs, culvert below ground level S; battlements with narrow string below. Within the gateway is a stone vault with rectangular openings in S bay; the semi-circular central arch retains nook shafts and heavy roll moulding of C12, putlogs and metal fittings for gate. N front of gateway has a chamfered pointed arch with broach stops at impost and base with C19 trefoil headed light above; battlements and corbels at S and buttresses with offsets to side. Gatehouse wing to E is recessed, with battlements above a narrow string as at S; external stone stair ascends to first floor through arched entrance with trefoil headed light to chamber adjacent; at ground floor level 2 further arched entrance doorways with a slit light between, left to former ground floor chamber and right to former inner stair; to left at NE corner a tower with spurred base and adjoining it at right angles the remains of the former S precinct wall.

Interior

Interior of gatehouse is now roofless with no surviving division of storeys. Very deep and wide window embrasures; doorways at first floor level, to chamber over gateway and to former wall walk; inserted C19 firegrate with C18 fireback above. First floor room over gateway with pointed arched doorway has C19 fittings including metal windows, stone floor, and red and blue painted wall decoration; used as store for moulded stone fragments, now with a concrete roof; passage inside W wall of gatehouse probably led to former garderobe, similar to N gatehouse.

Reasons for Listing

Listed Grade I as it retains much medieval fabric; group value with other buildings of Ewenny Priory, in particular the W Precinct Wall and the Garden Wall.
Scheduled Ancient Monument Gm 190 (part).

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