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Description: Church of St Andrew
Date Listed: 12 November 1980
English Heritage Building ID: 112119
OS Grid Reference: NZ2830622163
OS Grid Coordinates: 428306, 522163
Latitude/Longitude: 54.5939, -1.5634
NZ 22 SE GREAT AYCLIFFE CHURCH LANE
(West side, off)
10/8 Church of St. Andrew
Parish church. Evidence of Saxon nave and tower; c.l190 Transitional nave and
chancel; c.1220 upper stages of tower refaced and south aisle added; Cl5 belfry;
1835 south porch; 1881-2 restoration by Ewan Christian included addition of new
north aisle, organ chamber and vestry and rebuilding of chancel south wall.
Snecked and rubble masonry with green slate roofs. West tower engaged by aisled
nave; south porch; chancel with north organ chamber and vestry.
Buttressed, 4-stage tower with possibly Saxon sandstone masonry in lower 2 stages
and limestone above (Saxon-type masonry continues to third stage within tower);
blocked 2-light openings with shouldered heads to third stage; pointed openings
with Y-tracery to belfry; embattled parapet. South-west buttress has sculptural
fragment. 4-bay nave; buttressed south aisle has Cl9 windows and C16 2-light
window in west bay; gabled porch conceals c.1220 inner doorway under 2-order
pointed arch with colonnettes, keeled roll moulding and hoodmould on head stops;
late C17 south aisle parapet. Buttressed north aisle has 2- and 3-light windows
and west-return has lancet with grave-cover head and jamb. Low-pitched aisle
roofs and steeply-pitched nave roof. Lower 2-bay chancel has 2 round-headed
windows re-set in south wall; north wall has 2 similar windows (that to west
hidden by organ chamber); east end has chamfered sill band and stepped group of
3 round-headed windows, probably early C19. Organ chamber and vestry with
octagonal stack; steeply-pitched chancel roof.
Interior: square-sectioned, Saxon string course above nave arcades (2 quoins at
west end of north arcade). 3-bay arcades are double-chamfered towards nave:
semicircular north arcade, with hoodmoulds and nutmeg, on alternating octagonal
and round piers and responds; pointed south arcade, with hoodmoulds, on round
piers. 3 similar pointed tower arches. Possibly Saxon blocked doorway, in later
chamfered surround, above tower arch. Piscina at east end of south aisle. Pointed
chancel arch and semicircular responds have nailhead. Medieval sculptural
fragments in chancel south wall. Late C19 nave and chancel roof with braced
Fittings and monuments: 2 late C10 cross shafts; early C14 effigy of cross-legged
knight and foliated grave cover at west end of nave. Another grave cover near
pulpit. Plain early Norman font. Mid C17 balustraded pews, pulpit, altar table,
reredos and screen to organ chamber.
(Rev. J.F. Hodgson, "Aycliffe Church", Transactions of the Architectural and
Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland, 1st. series Vol. III (1880)
and Vol. VI (1906-11)).
Listing NGR: NZ2830522164
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.