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The Red Lion Public House, Stambourne

Description: The Red Lion Public House

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 7 August 1952
English Heritage Building ID: 114158

OS Grid Reference: TL7208638794
OS Grid Coordinates: 572086, 238794
Latitude/Longitude: 52.0209, 0.5066

Location: 12 Church Road, Stambourne, Essex CO9 4NP

Locality: Stambourne
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CO9 4NP

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Listing Text

5/13 The Red Lion
7/8/52 Public House


Long-jetty house, c.1500, now a public house. Timber framed, plastered, roofed
with handmade red clay tiles. L-plan, consisting of main range of 2 long and
one short bays aligned approx. NW-SE, jettied on both sides, and 3-bay SE
crosswing extending to SW. Aspect NE. Original chimney stack in short bay at
junction of L-plan, external stack at NW end. Stair tower in W angle. Single-
storey extension to NW of main range, brick with slate roof, C19/20. Single-
storey extension to SW of crosswing, brick and weatherboarding with tiled roof,
C20. Single-storey flat-roofed extension to SW of main range, C20. 2 storeys
with attics. Plain boarded door, 2 double-hung sash windows of 20 and 24
lights, early C19, and one of 16 lights, C20. Jetty continuing across
crosswing, exposed bressumer moulded and carved with helical vine-leaf trail, 5
plain brackets to it on attached shafts with coronet capitals and drooping
projections (2 shafts restored). First floor, 2 double-hung sash windows of 12
and 24 lights, early C19, one small C20 casement window, one horizontally-
sliding sash window of 24 lights, late C19. Original cusped bargeboards on NE
gable of crosswing. Twin octagonal shafts on main stack, rebuilt. Some framing
exposed internally. At NW end, blocked twin doorways to missing service wing,
with one 4-centred hollow-moulded doorhead in situ. Adjacent cross-entry
blocked at both ends. In main range, binding-beam and 2 bridging-beams hollow-
moulded and stopped, joists of horizontal section jointed to beams with central
tenons and soffit-spur, a rare feature. Grooves for sliding shutters. Close
studding with curved tension braces trenched inside. Mantel beam of main hearth
crenellated, adjacent brickwork replaced in C20. Main range unpartitioned at
both floors; crosswing retains original partitions on both floors into one and 2
bays. In main range, cambered tiebeams, roof formerly of crownpost
construction, rebuilt in clasped purlin form with attics inserted. In
crosswing, 2 bays open to roof, plain crownposts with thin axial braces, minor
restoration. One horizontally-sliding sash window of 18 lights, early C19, in
rear wall of main range, on first floor. The RCHM reported c.1920 that the
central chimney stack then had one octagonal shaft and 2 attached diagonal
shafts. The vine-leaf trail design on the bressumer is comparable in style with
the carved timber ceiling of the N aisle of the parish church opposite. Morant
states that this was the manor house of Moone Hall before it became an ale-
house, and that the court of the Duchy of Cornwall was held there in his time
(II, 355). RCHM 3.

Listing NGR: TL7208638794

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.