British Listed Buildings

History in Structure

If you log in, you can comment on buildings, submit new photos or update photos that you've already submitted.

We need to upgrade the server that this website runs on. Can you spare a quid to help?.

Rear Wing of Bank House, Great Bardfield

Description: Rear Wing of Bank House

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 21 December 1967
English Heritage Building ID: 115317

OS Grid Reference: TL6753030562
OS Grid Coordinates: 567530, 230562
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9483, 0.4362

Location: 2 B1057, Great Bardfield, Essex CM7 4SP

Locality: Great Bardfield
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CM7 4SP

Incorrect location/postcode? Submit a correction!

Explore more of the area around Great Bardfield, Essex at Explore Britain.

Listing Text

(north-west side)

8/178 Rear wing of Bank House,
21.12.67 (formerly listed with
Bank House )


Public building, probably a guildhall, now divided into a first floor flat, a
ground floor store, and the kitchen of Bank House. Late C15, altered in C19 and
C20. Timber framed, plastered and partly bricked, roofed with handmade red clay
tiles. 6 bays facing SW (at right angles to High Street), behind Bank House.
No stacks. On the ground floor the 2 bays at the right end have become the rear
kitchen of Bank House, a much later building. The left bay has become the
entrance and stair to the flat which comprises the whole first floor. The
remaining 4 bays comprise a store and entrance. The SW long side was originally
jettied throughout, but is now underbuilt with modern red brick for slightly
more than one bay at the left end. The next part-bay and bay have been bricked
on the line of the original wall, and the left return wall and the whole rear
wall are bricked. 2 storeys. 4 C20 casements on ground floor, 5 on first
floor. One C20 door. Blocked original door at right end, with 4-centred door-
head. Exposed beams and joists in 5 of the 6 bays. 3 plain brackets, the
others missing. 2 attached shafts of half-octagonal section with moulded and
crenellated capitals. The ground floor was originally divided into spaces of 2,
1 and 3 bays respectively, one studded wall now removed. In the 2 right bays
the transverse and axial beams are moulded to a double-ogee profile with
converging stops. In the 3 left bays the transverse and axial beams are
chamfered with step-stops. The remaining bay is only 2.20 metres long, has no
axial beam, and probably contained the original entrance stair. The transverse
beam forming its right side is moulded to the right, chamfered and stopped to
the left. The upper storey is divided into 2 rooms of 3 bays each by an
original studded partition. There are edge-halved and bridled scarfs in the
walls, and the roof is of crownpost construction with axial braces. This
building appears to be the guildhall confiscated by the Crown in 1547, 'the
messuage called le Yeldehall in Great Bardfelde, Essex' sold by the Court of
Augmentations to William Berners in 1549 (Calendar of Letters Patent, Edward VI,
11, 366), and endowed as a school 'for the teaching of grammar in the guildhall
there' by the will of Serjeant William Bendlowes, 1584. (See Place House,
8/129, and the parish church, 8/115). The guildhall was mentioned again in an
inquisition of 1611 (Chancery, Inquisitions for Charitable Uses, 4/9). The site
of a Guildhall is recorded approx. 25 metres to the SE in OS maps of 1876, 1896
and 1921. There may be some confusion with a 'Town House' described in
churchwarden's minutes in 1795 as being in derelict condition, and in 1796 as
'lately removed', but this was probably a post-medieval market building
comparable with that still present at Steeple Bumpstead. RCHM 30.

Listing NGR: TL6753030562

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.