British Listed Buildings

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Gibraltar Mill, Great Bardfield

Description: Gibraltar Mill

Grade: II
Date Listed: 21 December 1967
English Heritage Building ID: 115334

OS Grid Reference: TL6800430727
OS Grid Coordinates: 568004, 230727
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9497, 0.4432

Location: Mill Road, Great Bardfield, Essex CM7 4QG

Locality: Great Bardfield
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CM7 4QG

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Listing Text

(north side)

3/195 Gibraltar Mill
21.12.67 (Formerly listed under
Outlying Items)
- II

Tower windmill, now a dwelling. Early C18, converted 1934. Plastered red
brick, boarded cap. Built in 2 stages, originally octagonal to a height of 6.10
metres, later raised to 9.77 metres, reducing to a circular plan. Wall
thickness 1.20 metres at the base. Single-storey domestic extension to NE, of
plastered brick with shingled roof. 4 floors with C20 casements on each. Boat-
shaped cap, stocks and skeleton sails, fantail gear without fantail. Height
overall 13.44 metres. Farries finds the earliest documentary evidence of it in
1707, and concludes that it was built after the great storm of 1703, which
destroyed many mills, as an experimental tower mill with exceptionally massive
walls, completed soon after the sieges of Gibraltar, 1704-5. It was not
successful commercially, and was converted to a cottage, with an inserted stack
in the wall. It was converted back to a mill in 1754 and raised to its present
height. It was derelict 1899-1904 after storm damage and was then equipped with
the present fantail gear. It had one pair of stones. Some of the equipment
remains in situ. (K.G. Farries, Essex Windmills, Millers and Millwrights, vol.
3, 1984, 24-7). . .. . . .

Listing NGR: TL6800430727

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.