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Description: Mayflower House
Date Listed: 3 November 1972
English Heritage Building ID: 115859
OS Grid Reference: TL8368029844
OS Grid Coordinates: 583680, 229844
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9368, 0.6706
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TL 82 NW COLNE ENGAINE ELMS HALL ROAD
5/10 Mayflower House
3.11.72 (Formerly listed as
House c.150 yards
west of Elms Hall)
House. Circa 1600, extended in C20. Timber framed, plastered, roofed with
handmade red clay tiles. 3 bays facing S, with stack in middle bay, forming a
lobby-entrance. Full-length lean-to extension to rear, and C20 extension of one
storey with attics to rear of right end. 2 storeys and attics. 3-window range
of C20 casements. Central C20 door. 4 octagonal chimney shafts, each with a
roll moulding at the base, rebuilt at the top. Jowled posts, close studding,
edge-halved and bridled scarf in wallplate. The first and attic floors have
chamfered beams with lamb's tongue stops, and plain joists of horizontal
section. Mortices for early glazed windows. Blocked window on first floor at
centre front, possibly with ovolo mullions and saddle bars concealed in plaster.
The stack is behind the axis, leaving space for a stair in the lobby-entrance,
now missing; the flues emerge at the ridge. On the ground floor 2 large
wood-burning hearths, the right mantel beam renewed, the left mantel beam
original, with cranked upper surface, chamfered below with mason's mitre stops,
and chamfered brick jambs. On the first floor, one hearth to right of stack
with chamfered jambs, 4-centred arch and original plaster. Clasped purlin roof
with straight wind-bracing. RCHM 4 reported a modern date 1620 on the W gable
and an original bay window at the W end of the house with 6 transomed lights
with moulded mullions, both missing in 1985. Formerly known as nos. 1 and 2,
Railway Cottages and Elms Hall Farm Cottages. A photograph and plan appear in
A.L. Cummings, 'The Framed Houses of Massachusetts Bay, 1625-1725', 1978, as
prototypical of the earliest New England houses.
Listing NGR: TL8368029844
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.