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Description: Overshot Mill
Date Listed: 21 June 1962
English Heritage Building ID: 115871
OS Grid Reference: TL8604629907
OS Grid Coordinates: 586046, 229907
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9366, 0.7050
Explore more of the area around Colne Engaine, Essex at Explore Britain.
TL 82 NE COLNE ENGAINE MILL LANE
6/22 Overshot Mill
Water mill, now a house. C18. First storey of red brick in Flemish bond,
remainder timber framed and weatherboarded, roofed with handmade red clay plain
tiles. Aligned NW-SE, with wheelpit at SE end, and 1 1/2 storey lean-to extension
beyond; attached early C19 granary at NW end. 3 storeys and attics; granary of
one storey. Ground floor, 2 C19 casements and 2 plain boarded doors, sliding
vehicle door to extension, also boarded. First floor, one C19 and 2 C20
casements; halved loading door, with half-glazed C20 door inside. Second floor,
one C20 casement. Gambrel lucam at attic floor on 2 curved braces, with C20
plain window. Roof half-hipped at both ends. Granary raised on brick piers,
with low-pitched pyramidal roof of slate. A cast iron pulley projects from the
rear. The fall is 17 feet (5.18 m) and the original overshot wheel of diameter
16 feet (4.87 m) was exceptional in Essex. The mill was originally built for
fulling in 1640, but converted or rebuilt as a corn mill in the late C18. It
ground cereals on a small scale in connection with a wholefood business until
1944, and also powered a dynamo. About 1966 the waterwheel was replaced by a
turbine, made by Gilbert Gilkes and Gordon, driving a 4 kw alternator. Retains
the pit wheel, wallower, wooden vertical shaft, wood-cogged crown pinion and 2
pairs of Dell stones (Colne Engaine, the Story of an Essex Parish, 1975, 18-19,
and H. Benham, Some Essex Water Mills, 1976, 79-80).
Listing NGR: TL8604629907
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.