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6 and 6a, East Street, Coggeshall

Description: 6 and 6a, East Street

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 31 October 1966
English Heritage Building ID: 116136

OS Grid Reference: TL8504822555
OS Grid Coordinates: 585048, 222555
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8709, 0.6865

Location: East Street, Coggeshall, Essex CO6 1SH

Locality: Coggeshall
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CO6 1SH

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Listing Text

(south side)

9/104 Nos. 6 and 6A
31.10.66 (formerly listed as
No. 6 (Staffords House
and shop)


House and commercial premises, now 2 shops, flat, and workshops. Late C14 to
early C16, altered in C18 and C19. Timber framed, roughcast, plastered and
weatherboarded, roofed with machine-made and handmade red plain tiles and
interlocking concrete tiles. Complex plan comprising (1) late C14 main range of
2 bays facing the street, with early C16 rear stack, (2) C15/16 2-bay wing to
rear of it, (3) original 2-bay crosswing to right of main range with C19
internal stack at right, (4) early C15 2-bay wing to rear of it, jettied to
left, (5) late C15 3-bay extension to rear of it, also jettied to left, (6) late
C15/early C16 4-bay wing to rear of it with end stack, (7) early C16 3-bay
extension beyond, of one storey. To left of the front end of block 6 is (8) a
C16 wing of one bay, and to left of it, (9) an early C19 one-bay extension, with
a C19 stack at the junction. The whole forms a courtyard plan with extensions
to the rear. All of 2 storeys except block 5, which has a cellar, and block 7.
No. 6 (at right) has an underbuilt jetty, projecting early C19 butcher's
shopfront with wrought iron grill at the top, roll-moulded fascia below, and C20
shop window with C20 brick nogging below, and C20 glazed door. First floor, one
early C19 sash of 12+12 lights with crown glass. No. 6A (at left) has a jetty
and an C18/early C19 2-storey splayed bay of sashes, of 8-6-6-6-8 lights on the
ground floor, 6-6-6 lights on the first floor, with crown glass; half-glazed
4-panel door. Coved eaves cornice. Early C19 heavy cast iron railings on dwarf
wall to front of no. 6A only, along street frontage and returning to the
building at both ends, with spearheads and one urn terminal. The front pitch of
the main roof is clad with machine-made red clay tiles, the rear pitch and left
rear wing with interlocking concrete tiles. The other rear wings are roofed
with handmade red plain tiles, except the most distant one (block 7) which has
corrugated asbestos. At the rear of the main range, on the first floor, is an
early C19 sash of 4+8 lights. In the right return, on the first floor, is an
early C19 horizontal sash of 6+6 lights. In the right elevation of the left
rear wing, on the ground floor, is an C18 transomed 3-light casement with one
wrought iron casement, rectangular leading and original saddle bars. In the
left return are 2 early C19 sashes of 12 lights. In the rear elevation of it,
on the first floor, is a splayed oriel of uncertain date with C19 casements.
The main range has the original cross-entry, with arched speres to the left,
twin service doorways with 4-centred heads to the right, and plain joists of
heavy square section. The front elevation has been carried forward
approximately 0.50 metre to align with the front of the crosswing, but since it
is jettied, in the C16 or earlier. It is also raised approximately 0.70 metre,
and the roof rebuilt, severing the original wallplate at the jowled posts.
Interior of ground floor plastered, and axial beam boxed. The first-floor
hearth is of stone (exceptional in Essex), with hollow-chamfered and roll-
moulded jambs and depressed arch, with recessed spandrels, early C16. The
crosswing has one plain bracket below the jetty, the post defaced as if it
formerly had an attached shaft. Heavy joists of square section. Chamfered
binding beam with step stops, formerly a studded partition, but studs removed.
3 straight braces in the right wall, and no mortice for a fourth. Roof rebuilt
in line with that of the main range, incorporating a splayed and undersquinted
scarf. The right tiebeam has some late C16 painting, red flowers and serpentine
green foliage on a white ground, with blue or black bands above and below, a
fragment approximately 0.80 metre long of a design which formerly covered the
whole tiebeam. At rear, early C19 2-flight stair with turned balusters,
wreathed handrail and stick balusters (2 broken). Below it, early C19 half-
glazed door with crown and bullseye glass. Chamfered posts with step stops,
curved tension braces trenched outside studs to left, arched brace to right.
The absence of studding in the right wall, and the rising braces at both floors,
imply that originally it was built against an existing structure, now replaced;
the studding now visible on the upper storey is that of the next house, no. 4
(item 9/103, q.v.). Original or early floorboards. The wing to the rear of the
main range comprises 2 builds each of one bay, the wallplates joined with simple
edge-halved scarfs. Jowled posts and wallplates chamfered with step stops and
broach stops; end tiebeam rebated for shutters; large blocked first-floor window
to right of end bay, probably an oriel originally. The first wing to rear right
(block 4) has plain joists of horizontal section, 3 plain brackets below the
jetty, 3 solid knees to the binding beams, the right wallplate grooved for a
sliding shutter. The next wing (block 5) has a battened door of 5 wedge-shaped
planks rebated together, on shouldered strap hinges with incised mouldings (a
rare survival), a complete unglazed window with 4 diamond mullions below the
jetty, and another above, the latter complete with top and bottom rails for a
sliding shutter (a rare survival), plain joists of horizontal section with a
framed stair trap, and a re-sited stair of 6 solid treads (5 treads missing)
inside an original doorway with 4-centred head; jowled posts, edge-halved and
bridled scarf in wallplate, crownpost roof with axial bracing; the middle short
bay forms an original smoke-bay, with framing for the former ridge louvre. The
next wing (block 6) has moulded joists, jointed to plain binding beams of
vertical section with central tenons and housed soffits, a moulded right girt,
in the upper right wall a complete unglazed window with 4 diamond mullions, and
high clasped purlins; one tiebeam renewed with softwood. Block 7 has a
crownpost roof with axial bracing, one tie beam and crownpost missing. Block 8
has jowled posts, and joists of horizontal section, including one made from the
transom of the large unglazed window of a medieval hall. This complex of
buildings is listed at the higher grade as exceptionally undisturbed survivals
from various periods, retaining features which rarely survive elsewhere. RCHM
73. The panelling reported by RCHM is not now apparent.

Listing NGR: TL8504822555

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.