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Description: Christmas House
Date Listed: 31 October 1966
English Heritage Building ID: 116212
OS Grid Reference: TL8497822644
OS Grid Coordinates: 584978, 222644
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8717, 0.6856
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TL 8422-8522 COGGESHALL STONEHAM STREET
9/180 No. 5 (Christmas
31.10.66 House) (formerly
listed with no. 7)
House and shop, now house. C14/15, much altered externally. Timber framed,
plastered, roofed with slate and handmade red plain tiles. 3-bay range facing
NE with passage through at left end, and rear wing of one bay at right end with
C16 stack at right side. Narrower C15 2-bay wing beyond, with axial stack at
rear end. Wider 2-bay wing beyond, of late medieval origin but apparently
reconstructed on this site, with C19 external stack at end. Single-storey
lean-to extension with slate roof to rear of main range, and another at end of
rear wing. 2 storeys and cellar. Ground floor, early C19 double shopfront with
2 slightly bowed windows of 24 lights, restored in C20, with 4 pilasters and
scrolled brackets supporting moulded shallow canopy. Central double doors, each
with one fielded panel and glazed above, with marginal lights; 2 stone steps,
and wrought iron railing on each side comprising 3 stanchions, D-section rail,
and elaborate scrolling within. Entry at left end with shouldered semi-circular
arch. First floor, 2 early C19 sashes of 16 lights with crown glass.
Low-pitched roof of slate. At the rear of the main range, above the lean-to
extension, is an early C19 sash of 16 lights; and another in the left return of
the first rear wing. In the right return of the third rear wing, on the ground
floor, is a re-set C18 window of 2 wrought iron casements and one fixed light,
with rectangular leaded glazing, and a reconstructed window with 4 ovolo
mullions and rectangular leaded glazing. The main range originally comprised a
2-bay hall and a service bay to the left, the left part of which appears to have
been a shop; the present passage occupies the left side of the former shop, with
a non-structural partition faced internally with re-used rebated hardwood
floorboards of C16/17 origin, and externally with a weatherboarded dado and
plaster above. Re-used window sill with C17 carved inscription. The original
partition walls have been removed. In the left bay is an original chamfered
beam and plain joists of horizontal section. In the hall is an early C16
inserted floor comprising an axial beam with elaborate spiral-leaf carving, and
joists with clustered roll-mouldings. Similar spiral-leaf carving is nailed on
at the ends. Underbuilt jetty at front. Original studding exposed in right
wall. In the first rear wing is a wide wood-burning hearth with 0.33 metre
jambs; the chamfered mantel beam with lamb's tongue stops was originally for an
even wider hearth. The plain joists have been enclosed by C20 carved firrings.
On the first floor, in the right rear corner of the main range is an C18 hearth
with rounded interior. Both main posts at the right end are scarfed; the joint
is splayed and undersquinted, with a tapering key driven in a central aperture
of parallelogram section, a rare type. C17 inserted ceiling; chamfered beam
with lamb's tongue stops. The roof is early C19. The narrow rear wing has an
underbuilt jetty to the left, transverse plain joists of horizontal section, a
rounded C18 hearth on each floor, and diamond mortices and shutter grooves for 2
unglazed windows in the left wallplate. Each wallplate has an edge-halved scarf
with sallied and bridled abutments and 2 edge-pegs, an uncommon type (C.A.
Hewett, English Historic Carpentry, 1980, figure 265). Crownpost roof, the
central tiebeam, crownpost, braces and collar-purlin restored in C20. The wider
rear range has a chamfered binding beam, a central left post with a groove for a
vertically sliding shutter, a rebuilt late C16 window beside it, an edge-halved
and bridled scarf in the right wallplate, and a crownpost roof. The name of the
property in the C18 is reported to have been Lemons. RCHM 48.
Listing NGR: TL8497822644
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.