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Baytree Farmhouse, Stisted

Description: Baytree Farmhouse

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 2 May 1953
English Heritage Building ID: 116280

OS Grid Reference: TL7916223354
OS Grid Coordinates: 579162, 223354
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8800, 0.6016

Location: A120, Stisted, Essex CM7 8EU

Locality: Stisted
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CM7 8EU

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Listing Text

(south side)

4/263 Baytree Farmhouse
2.5.53 (formerly listed as Bay
Tree Farmhouse)

- II*

House. Early C16 and c.1600, altered in C18 and C19, extended in C20. Timber
framed, plastered with some exposed framing, roofed with handmade red plain
tiles. Early C16 long-jetty range of 3 bays facing N, with C19 external stack
at left end. To right, long-jetty range of c.1600 comprising one short bay with
stack in rear half, stair and lobby-entrance in front half, and 2 long bays to
right of it. C20 2-storey extension of yellow brick with flat roof to rear of
left end of earlier range. 2 storeys, cellar, and attics. Ground floor, 4
square oriel windows on scrolled brackets; one at the right end has horizontal
slats externally, the others each have an C18 3-light casement. On each side of
the left bay is an early C17 small fixed light, each with one ovolo mullion of
refined profile. Full-length jetty with C19 fretted trim. Some exposed
imitation studding below the jetty. First floor, 4 C18 3-light casements, one
small wrought iron casement inserted between the studs of the earlier range, and
one original 2-light casement over door in later range. One C18 2-light
casement in a gabled dormer with C19 fretted bargeboards and moulded finial.
Each of these windows includes one wrought iron casement, saddle bars on the
fixed lights, and rectangular leaded glazing; the details of latches and handles
differ. 2 feature gables with similar bargeboards and finial. Early C19
half-glazed door with 4-centred head, 9 lights and Gothick tracery, in mid-C19
gabled porch with fretted bargeboards and moulded finial. The entrance to the
porch has a 4-centred head and moulded stops; on each side is a fixed light with
a 2-centred head. Gablet hip at left end of roof. C19 grouped diagonal shafts
on main stack. The right return has exposed close studding, an ovolo-moulded
tiebeam, a blocked original window on the first floor, an C18 2-light casement
with rectangular leading in the attic gable, and C19 fretted bargeboards and
moulded finial. The frame and jointing of both parts are illustrated and
described in C.A. Hewett, Some East Anglian Prototypes for Early Timber Houses
in America, Post-Medieval Archaeology 3, 1969, 101-2, 113 and 119. The 3 left
bays have chamfered transverse and axial beams with step stops and plain joists
of horizontal section, exhibiting clear carpenters' assembly marks in the
Brentwood or cellular system (D.H. Scott, Brentwood Marking, Historic Buildings
in Essex 3, November 1986, 1 and 22-3). Inserted attic floor with plain joists
of square section arranged longitudinally, early C17. Crownpost roof with
straight axial bracing. Jowled posts, cambered tiebeam. The right front post
of this section is slightly weathered; the end studs have been removed for the
C17 extension. C20 grates in wood-burning hearths. The winder stair to the
first floor has a re-used newel of clustered-shafts form introduced in the C19,
and re-used balustrading. The straight stair from first floor to attic is
original, with solid treads covered by modern treads and risers. In the 2 right
bays are chamfered axial beams, unstopped, and plain joists of square and
horizontal sections. The attic floor is original and similar, with original
boards. The roof is of clasped purlin construction with arched wind-bracing.
RCHM 16.

Listing NGR: TL7916223354

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.