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Bulford Mill, Cressing

Description: Bulford Mill

Grade: II
Date Listed: 29 July 1988
English Heritage Building ID: 116369

OS Grid Reference: TL7733020396
OS Grid Coordinates: 577330, 220396
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8540, 0.5735

Location: Bulford Mill Lane, Cressing, Essex CM7 8NS

Locality: Cressing
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CM7 8NS

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Listing Text

TL 72 SE (north side)

1/44 Bulford Mill


Water and steam mill. C19. Mill mainly of red brick in English bond, partly
timber framed and weatherboarded, roofed with slate; engine house of gault brick
in English bond, roofed with slate. Mill of rectangular plan aligned approx.
NE-SW, with road adjacent to SW and SE elevations. 4 storeys and loft. Engine
house abutting at E corner, one storey. The mill is of brick on the first 3
storeys, weatherboarded above. The SE elevation has on the ground floor one
plain door, on the first floor 2 tripartite sashes of 8-16-8 lights with gauged
segmental arches and a loading door, on the second floor 3 similar sashes and a
loading door, and on the third floor 4 small fixed lights; weatherboarded lucom
with slate roof, projecting from low-pitched main roof. The NW elevation
(towards Black Notley) has on the first floor 3 similar sashes, on the second
floor 3 similar sashes and 2 small lights, and on the third floor one large and
4 small fixed lights; segmental arch over millrace. The NE elevation has on the
ground floor one similar sash, one early C19 sash of 16 lights, and a window
aperture with gauged segmental arch, reduced for a small casement; on the first
floor one blocked similar aperture; on the second floor one C19 casement of 20
small lights with a segmental arch, and a blocked aperture for a loading door,
with segmental arch; on the third and loft storeys 2 casements each. 2
projecting purlins in each pitch of roof. The SW elevation has on the ground
floor one early C19 sash of 12 + 12 lights with a gauged segmental arch; and on
the loft storey 2 casements. The engine house has in each long elevation 2 cast
iron windows each with a semi-circular arch with projecting keystone, and one
similar window in the NW gable end; large sliding doors occupy the whole SE end;
low-pitched roof. The chimney has been demolished, but formerly stood to the
NW. Bulford was a fulling mill from 1804 to 1813, and was then converted for
corn. 'In 1882 .... it employed 16 men and boys, .... had 6 pairs of stones, 3
worked by an overshot wheel and 3 by an engine. In 1892 rollers were installed
and next year the wheel was replaced by a turbine, after which the stones were
used only for barley .... With this roller plant the last miller, Francis Blyth
... was producing flour till 1947.' (H. Benham, Some Essex Water Mills, 1976,

Listing NGR: TL7735520404

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.