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Springwaters Tithings, Cressing

Description: Springwaters Tithings

Grade: II
Date Listed: 29 July 1988
English Heritage Building ID: 116373

OS Grid Reference: TL7938320474
OS Grid Coordinates: 579383, 220474
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8540, 0.6033

Location: Church Road, Cressing, Essex CM7 8PQ

Locality: Cressing
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CM7 8PQ

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Listing Text

TL 72 SE (east side)

1 /48 No. I (Springwaters)
and No. 2 (Tithings)


House, now 2 cottages. Circa 1500, altered and extended at several periods.
Timber framed, plastered, roofed with handmade red plain tiles and some slate.
2-bay hall facing E with late C16 stack in right bay against front wall.
Parlour/solar bay to left, and C17 single-storey wing of 3 bays to rear of it,
raised to 2 storeys with flat roof in C20, and C20 flat-roofed single-storey
extension beyond. C17 one-bay extension to right, replacing former service bay,
and C18 bay beyond with internal stack at end. C20 single-storey rear
extensions. One storey with attics. The original house is divided through the
stack, No.1 to the left, No. 2 to the right. No. 1 has a 2-window range of C20
casements and a C20 door in a lean-to porch. The front pitch of this roof has
been raised. No. 2 has a 2-window range of C20 diamond-leaded casements, and a
hipped porch with a similar window and C20 door. This roof has been rebuilt on
an axis parallel to that of the original roof, but in front of it. No. 1 has
jowled posts, heavy studding, and diamond mortices and a shutter groove for an
unglazed window in the left return. The left bay has plain joists of horizontal
section arranged longitudinally, and a blocked stair trap in the left rear
corner. The left bay of the former open hall has a mid-C16 inserted floor
comprising a transverse beam against the stack, chamfered on one side only with
step stops, and chamfered joists of horizontal section with step stops arranged
longitudinally. The mantel beam has a cranked upper surface; the lower edge is
chamfered and mitred as for a timber-framed chimney, later rebuilt in brick. The
wide wood-burning hearth has a seat in the right side, and is much repaired with
C20 brickwork. The rear rafters of this bay are smoke-blackened, indicating use
as an open hall before the floor was inserted. The original roof was of
crownpost form, but in No. 1 this is visible only at the trusses; the
collar-purlin and braces to it are missing. In No. 2 a short section of
collar-purlin remains in situ, with a cambered tiebeam and simple crownpost. The
wide wood-burning hearth in No. 2 has a chamfered mantel beam with lamb's tongue
stops, later in date than that of No. 1. The left bay has a C17 floor of plain
joists of vertical section. In the right bay many of the joists are re-used.
(M.C. Wadhams, Essex Archaeology and History 2, 1979, 80).

Listing NGR: TL7938320474

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.