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Description: 7, High Street
Date Listed: 21 December 1967
English Heritage Building ID: 116473
OS Grid Reference: TL8592018448
OS Grid Coordinates: 585920, 218448
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8337, 0.6970
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KELVEDON HIGH STREET
TL 8418-8518 (north-west side)
9/160 No. 7 (formerly listed
21.12.67 as No. 4, Knights
Part of inn, now a house. Late C16, altered in C18 and late C19. Timber
framed, plastered with facade of yellow brick in Flemish bond, roofed with
handmade red plain tiles. Originally a late C16 extension to the early C16
mansion to the left (nos. 1, 3, and 5, High Street, item 9/159, q.v.) which
after the Dissolution became an inn, comprising one ground-floor room, to the
right of it a large wagon-way (both approx. 3.70 metres high), and 2 rooms over.
This formerly extended approx. one metre further forwards, now cut back to align
with nos. 1, 3 and 5. Late C16 internal stack at left end, against earlier
stack of no. 5, and joined to it at roof level only. Wagon-way blocked in C18,
with stack to rear. 2 C18 adjacent wings to rear, with hipped roofs. C19
single-storey lean-to extension with slate roof beyond right wing. 2 storeys.
Ground floor, one late C19 tripartite sash of 2-2-2 lights. First floor, 2 late
C19 sashes of 2 lights. Late C19 4-panel door, and blocked overlight in stilted
segmental arch with false keystone. Dogtooth band at first floor. Dogtooth
cornice and plain parapet with stone coping. Hipped roof. The yellow brick
facade continues part-way round the right return, and is continued as 4 courses
of red bricks to one course of yellow bricks, in Flemish bond. The dogtooth
band and parapet extend 1.5 metres along this return. Rear elevation, ground
floor, one C20 picture window; first floor, one early C19 sash of 12 lights. On
the ground floor the posts and straight bracing at the right side of the former
wagon-way are exposed internally, with C18 studding behind. The studded
partition between the wagon-way and the room to the left has been removed.
Plain transverse beam and axial bridging beams, chamfered joists of horizontal
section with step stops. C20 grate. At the left side 2 brick piers support an
arched wood-burning hearth above, which has a front jamb 0.61 metre wide, and a
rear jamb reduced in width; chamfered mantel beam with step stops. Within the
roof the flue is joined into the adjacent stack, which has 2 diagonal shafts,
but rebuilt to a rectangular section before it emerges from the roof. Original
C16 pointing of V-section survives within the roof, and inside the room above
the hearth, a rare feature of exceptional archaeological interest, meriting
special care. In the rear wall of the room over the wagon-way is a blocked
window of early glazed type, with 2 ovolo mullions and 2 of 3 diamond saddle
bars in situ. Clasped purlin roof. In the party wall with no. 5 the studding
is exposed, with mortices in the girt for a former floor, removed for the
present stair. In the rear wings, boxed transverse beams; on the first floor,
cast iron ducknest grate of c.1800. The mansion to the left had become a major
inn by 1604, and had been converted to tenements by 1791. The blocking of the
wagon-way and the alteration of this wing to a house appears to correspond with
this date (B.L. Kentish, Kelvedon and its Antiquities, 1974, 39-41). RCHM 39.
Listing NGR: TL8592018448
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.