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Granary/Cottage 40 Metres North of Church Hall Farmhouse, Kelvedon

Description: Granary/Cottage 40 Metres North of Church Hall Farmhouse

Grade: II
Date Listed: 29 July 1988
English Heritage Building ID: 116543

OS Grid Reference: TL8566018312
OS Grid Coordinates: 585660, 218312
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8326, 0.6931

Location: The Cloisters, Kelvedon, Essex CO5 9AU

Locality: Kelvedon
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CO5 9AU

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Listing Text

TL 8418-8518 (north-west side)

9/246 Granary/cottage 40
metres north of Church
Hall Farmhouse


Granary, early C16 or earlier, altered to a cottage in early C19, later used as
a poultry house, now unused. Timber framed with original infill of vertical oak
planks and some later C16 brick nogging, some cement rendering, roofed with
handmade red plain tiles and corrugated iron. 2 bays aligned NW-SE, with early
C19 external stack to SE. Granary originally of one storey; upper storey added
for cottage. The SW elevation is cement rendered; it had the original doorway,
now altered, and has 3 large C20 window apertures on the ground floor. The
original walls of the granary are almost intact elsewhere, except for one C19
window aperture and one C19 plain boarded door in the NE elevation, and the
insertion of a hearth in the SE elevation. The NE elevation has an original
vent complete with an original internal shutter on pintle hinges, a rare feature
meriting special care. Vertical oak boards are deeply rebated into
double-pegged studs to present a flush surface internally, with jowled corner
posts of L-section and external curved tension braces. C16 brick nogging has
been inserted later, outside the boards, of bricks 0.24 x 0.11 x 0.04 metres
with lime mortar in 'simple oblique' and 'stacked blocks' patterns; but as the
studs are not recessed to key the mortar much of it has fallen out; there is
some later nogging. The floor is supported on brick piers, which at the outside
have been joined later to form a continuous plinth; owing to the rise in the
ground level this plinth is now visible externally only to the NE. The floor
comprises 9 heavy joists of horizontal section in each bay, jointed to the
central transverse main joist with central tenons. Some original rebated oak
floorboards remain in situ, mostly covered by another layer of later boards.
The central post of the NE elevation is deeply grooved for the wall planking,
and originally was jowled, with an arched brace to the cambered tiebeam; the
jowl and most of the brace have been cut away for access to a C19 stair. The
enclosure for this stair incorportates part of an original bin wall, to a height
of approx. 0.80 metre, of rebated oak planks fastened with the same large-headed
nails as the outer planking. The SW doorway is below the other end of the
internal tiebeam, and there was no arch-brace at this end. There is no visible
evidence of a crownpost. One original rafter couple and halved collar survive
in the central partition; the remainder of the roof has been demolished for the
upper storey, but rafter seatings indicate that it was hipped at each end. The
upper storey is of C19 lightweight framing, cement-rendered externally, with one
window aperture to the NE and one C19 horizontal sash of 8 lights to the NW.
The roof is of softwood framing, the tiling largely complete over the NW bay,
with corrugated iron over the SE bay. Blocked hearth on ground floor; early C19
cast iron ducknest grate on upper floor. Granaries of this early date are rare;
3 others are known in Essex. Measured drawings by Anne Padfield will be
deposited with Essex Record Office and the National Monuments Record. RCHM 57.

Listing NGR: TL8566018312

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.