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Description: St Mary's House
Date Listed: 25 June 1974
English Heritage Building ID: 116562
OS Grid Reference: TL8595218377
OS Grid Coordinates: 585952, 218377
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8330, 0.6974
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KELVEDON ST. MARY'S SQUARE
TL 8418-8518 (north-east side)
9/265 St. Mary's House
Public building, now a house. C15, altered in C16, C18 and C19. Timber framed,
plastered, roofed with handmade red plain tiles. 2-bay range facing SW with
2-bay crosswing at right, now fully integrated under one continuous roof. C16
external stack to rear of left bay, the upper part rebuilt c.1985. C18 external
stack to right of crosswing. C19 single-storey wing to rear of main range,
weatherboarded and roofed with slate. 2 storeys and attics. Ground floor, 2
early C19 sashes of 12 lights, and central splayed bay of sashes of 2-6-2
lights. Central 6-panel door, fanlight with radial tracery, blocked or painted
over, portico with 2 plain columns and 2 engaged-Corinthian columns. The middle
bay breaks forward and is gabled. Symmetrical elevation. The rear elevation
has an early C19 half-glazed door with 12 lights, and an early C19 tripartite
sash of 4-12-4 lights, both with crown glass. Continuous jetty along front,
underbuilt, with plain brackets concealed. The ground floor appears originally
to have been one large area without partitions; moulded binding beam in
crosswing, deeply chamfered beams elsewhere. In the left room, wide
wood-burning hearth, chamfered mantel beam across whole of one bay, reduced for
Victorian cast iron grate; early C19 cupboards in reveals of window. Early C19
stair with scrolled tread-ends, turned newel with acorn finial, stick balusters,
wreathed handrail and similar gallery. Lower storey 2.51 metres high. Jowled
posts. Edge-halved and bridled scarf in each wallplate of crosswing. Original
studded partitions on first floor, 3 rooms. Late C16 inserted ceilings, with
chamfered beams with lamb's tongue stops. Crownpost roof in main range, axial
bracing removed. Octagonal crownpost with step stops on cambered tiebeam. The
originally open ground floor and the important site, facing the road from
London, suggest that this may have been built as a market hall for the Abbot of
Westminster, and converted to domestic use after the Dissolution. RCHM L3.
Listing NGR: TL8595218377
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.