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The Old Cottage, Kelvedon

Description: The Old Cottage

Grade: II
Date Listed: 21 December 1967
English Heritage Building ID: 116566

OS Grid Reference: TL8651219157
OS Grid Coordinates: 586512, 219157
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8399, 0.7060

Location: 2 Swan Street, Kelvedon, Essex CO5 9NG

Locality: Kelvedon
Local Authority: Braintree District Council
County: Essex
Country: England
Postcode: CO5 9NG

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Listing Text

TL 8619-8719 (south side)

8/268 No. 1 (The Old Cottage)


Part of house, now hairdressing salon and house. C15, altered c.1600 and in
early C19. Timber framed, plastered with some exposed framing, facade of
painted brick in Flemish bond, roofed with handmade red plain tiles. 3 bays
facing NE with C16 internal axial stack at left end. C19 rear wing forming a
T-plan, and single-storey lean-to extensions with slate roofs in both rear
angles. Small single-storey lean-to extension with hipped slate roof at right
end. 2 storeys. Ground floor, 2 early C19 sashes of 12 lights. First floor, 2
early C19 sashes of 3 + 6 lights. 6-panel door, with 4 panels glazed. All
apertures in facade have flat arches of gauged brick. 3 truncated octagonal
shafts, each with a roll moulding at the base. In the right return one collar
of the roof is exposed. In the left return the framing is exposed of the right
wall of a former crosswing, of which the remainder is demolished, with jowled
posts, central post with mortices for a beam and brace, studding on the upper
storey, and an incomplete fireplace below. The interior comprises 2 bays and a
short bay at the left end, of a house which formerly extended further in both
directions, with a partition wall between the 2 right bays; this has display
bracing trenched into the left side of the studs. The whole front was formerly
jettied, now underbuilt, with 2 plain jetty brackets at the right end, and in
the jetty plate, mortices for diamond mullions of unusually large section and
grooves for sliding shutters. The transverse beam at the right side of the
right bay is chamfered with lamb's tongue stops, without mortices for studding,
indicating that the building formerly continued in this direction. This beam is
an insertion of c.1600, but the chamfered axial beam scribed into it is part of
the original structure, with a solid brace approx. 0.15 metre wide at the left
end of it. On the upper storey this bay has a groove for a sliding shutter in
the rear wallplate, and 2 longitudinal ovolo-moulded ceiling beams with lamb's
tongue stops, inserted c.1600. The lower posts between the other 2 bays have
been replaced by brick piers. An unusually large chamfered binding beam is
supported on the piers, with chamfered axial bridging beams each side with step
stops; plain joists of horizontal section are jointed to the bridging beams with
central tenons and housed soffits. The structure is slightly angled at the
binding beam, so that to the right it forms a parallelogram in plan. Original
rebated hardwood floorboards. Jowled posts, retaining 2 braces to the tiebeams
approx. 0.12 metre wide at the front, missing at the rear. The 2 left trusses
were both open originally. Exceptional heights at both storeys. The stack has
a wood-burning hearth on the ground floor, the mantel beam replaced, and on the
first floor an inserted hearth of c.1600 with chamfered jambs and depressed
arch, stripped of plaster. Ovolo-moulded axial ceiling beams with lamb's tongue
stops in both bays, inserted c.1600. Original roof of collar-rafter
construction, unsooted. On the ground floor one altered C16 battened door with
moulded muntins, heavily nailed, remains; the RCHM reported 3. Deeds from 1787
to 1922 are in the possession of the owner. RCHM 40.

Listing NGR: TL8651219157

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.