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Description: Matching Mill
Date Listed: 26 April 1984
English Heritage Building ID: 118150
OS Grid Reference: TL5049411156
OS Grid Coordinates: 550494, 211156
Latitude/Longitude: 51.7788, 0.1801
Explore more of the area around Matching, Essex at Explore Britain.
TL 51 SW MATCHING HARLOW ROAD
Roundhouse of post mill, C19, converted to smithy c.1882. Walls of soft red
bricks with lime mortar, Flemish bond, thickness 0.33 metre to height of 0.80
metre, thickness 0.23 metre to height of 2.50 metres. Octagonal pyramidal roof
of handmade red clay tiles terminating in an octagonal louvre. 2 original
windows with segmental arches to NE and SW. 2 original doors, of
conventional size to SE with segmental arch over, NW door 1 metre wide, in upper
and lower halves, brick arch missing. Forge in centre with bellows intact. The
tithe award of 1843shows the buildings on site as at present, described as
'Windmill, cottage and garden', owner and occupier Charles Martin (Essex Record
Office D/CT 236). The 6" OS map surveyed in 1881 describes it as 'Matching Mill
(Corn)' but the edition revised in 1895 identifies the roundhouse as 'Smithy'.
White's Directory of 1848 describes Charles Martin as ' Farmer (and miller)'.
Kelly's Directories from 1859 to 1878 list George Bennett, corn miller, but by
1882 no miller is recorded. Thus there was still a windmill on the site until
1881, but it was converted to a smithy very shortly afterwards. The roundhouse
is not strong enough to support the cross trees of a late post mill, as at
Ramsey, Essex, so it was built for storage round the existing sub-structure of a
post mill, the walls being thicker at the base to resist the pressure of sacks.
The missing arch of the larger door, which never carried any substantial weight,
indicates how the main post was brought down without disturbing the walls.
Listing NGR: TL5049411156
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.