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Description: Spring Valley Mill
Date Listed: 17 November 1966
English Heritage Building ID: 120391
OS Grid Reference: TM0383027745
OS Grid Coordinates: 603830, 227745
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9109, 0.9621
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ARDLEIGH. SPRING VALLEY LANE
TM 02 NW
5/46 Spring Valley Mill
Water mill, later adapted to steam, now empty. Late C18. Timber framed and
weatherboarded. Red tiled roof of 2 levels, gambrelled to road (north) with
lucom at apex. Painted brick ground floor. 2 storeys and loft, lower south
bays and lean-to. Cast iron overshot wheel. Road face (north) with arched
braces to gabled lucom, 2 open lights under, first floor vertically sliding sash
window, vertically boarded door. South face. 2:1:1 first floor small paned
vertically sliding sashes, moulded surrounds. Ground floor 1:1:0 similar
windows. 2 doors to north range and a door each to south range and south
extension, all vertically boarded. The machinery and interior of the mill are
complete but not in working order. Overshot waterwheel with cast iron frame and
wrought iron buckets, fed by a cast iron trough from the mill pond. The wheel
shaft, pit wheel and wallower are cast iron, but the upright shaft and great
spur wheel are of wood. The great spur wheel is of the old compass-arm
construction with 6 arms passing through the upright shaft. There are 3 pairs
of millstones on the first floor complete with cases and hoppers etc.,
underdriven from the spur wheel below. All tentering gear is present. Above
the stones is a wooden crown wheel and layshaft, which drove the sack hoist
above and any dressing machinery the mill may have had. The roof space is
partitioned into bins, and contains the sack hoist, which could act through the
external sack traps or the lucom. Setting for the novel Treasure at the Mill by
M. Sackville. Robert Deeves was the miller working for Bezaliel Angier of
Colchester, 1796. F.H. Erith "Ardleigh in .1796", 1978. Information from V.C.
Parmenter, E.C.C. Wheelwright. Batsford Guide to Industrial Archaeology, J.
Booker, 1980. Scheduled Ancient Monument.
Listing NGR: TM0383027745
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.