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Description: Old Greenhouse Farm, Little Greenhouse, Stable Block (Including Nos.1 and 2 Greenhouse Mews) and Coa
Date Listed: 24 August 1990
English Heritage Building ID: 133292
OS Grid Reference: SO8751408874
OS Grid Coordinates: 387514, 208874
Latitude/Longitude: 51.7784, -2.1824
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1305/5/371 GREENHOUSE LANE
OLD GREENHOUSE FARM, LITTLE GREENHOUSE
, STABLE BLOCK (INCLUDING NOS.1 AND 2
GREENHOUSE MEWS) AND COACH HOUSE
(Formerly listed as:
GREENHOUSE LODGE INCLUDING FORMER STAB
LE BLOCK, COACH HOUSE)
A group of buildings comprising a late-C17 house, possibly with an earlier range, extended and altered in the C18, C19 and C20, along with a C18 stable block and a C19 house and a C19 coach house.
MATERIALS: Old Greenhouse Farm, Little Greenhouse and the stable block are all constructed from limestone ashlar with stone slate roofs to Old Greenhouse Farm, tile to Little Greenhouse and concrete tiles to the stable. The coach house is of limestone rubble with a tile roof.
PLAN: The complex of buildings consist of Old Greenhouse Farm, an L-shaped house fronting Greenhouse Lane, with a stable yard to the east, enclosed on its northern side by a stable block and coach house. Adjoining the northern end of the right-hand wing of Old Greenhouse Farm is a separate dwelling known as Little Greenhouse. The buildings are situated on the east side of Greenhouse Lane with Old Greenhouse Farm accessed by way of Greenhouse Lane and Little Greenhouse and the entrance to the stable yard accessed via a small lane running NE-SW, at a right angle to Greenhouse Lane.
OLD GREENHOUSE FARM is a late-C17 house, possibly with an earlier range to left, with alterations and extensions of the early-C18, C19 and late-C20. Constructed from limestone ashlar with stone slate roofs, the house is of an L-shaped plan with a late-C17 wing to the right, its gable end facing the road, and an earlier wing, probably a separate dwelling, at right angles to the left; the two were joined to create a single house in the C19 or C20. The principal elevation of the late-C17 wing is of two storeys plus attic in two bays. To the ground and first floor there are three-light recessed chamfer stone mullioned casements; those to the first floor under stopped hoods and those to the ground floor under a continuous moulded stringcourse. To the attic there are two three-light hipped dormers. At the centre of the ground floor there is a coped gabled porch with a four-centred arched doorway over which is a C19 shield. The right gabled return has a large external stack with paired chimneys and is flanked at each level by single light casement windows with glazing bars and stopped hoods. To the rear elevation there is a gabled projecting stair tower with a square, four-light recessed cross-window with leading and stopped hoods. Adjoining this, to the right, there is a two-storey C19 gabled extension with a four-light recessed chamfered stone mullioned casement with leading and stopped hoods to the ground floor and a two-light recessed chamfer stone mullioned casement with leading to the first floor. Projecting at right angles from this is a two-storey extension built in the 1960s from reconstructed stone.
The left-hand, earlier wing is of two-storeys with three two-light recessed chamfer stone mullioned casements to the ground floor under a continuous stopped hoodmould; the hoodmould is raised at the centre, indicating the existence of a former doorway. To the first floor there are two two-light chamfer stone mullion casements with leading, some with pointed heads.
The interior of the house contains late-C17 stop-chamfered ceiling beams and, to the stair tower, a late-C17 closed-string staircase with moulded handrail, fluted newel post with moulded top-cap and square fluted balusters. Also surviving from this date is a bolection moulded stone fireplace surround with square-headed opening, square jambs and stone hearth. The early C18 alterations included the application of egg and dart moulded cornices to some rooms.
The STABLE BLOCK was built in the C18 and is constructed from limestone ashlar with a concrete tile roof. Its south-east (stable yard) elevation is of two storeys plus attic in three bays. The central bay contains a raised, stepped and coped gable with kneelers and a small oculus window. Below this, to the first floor, there is an arched loading door to the hayloft with radial fanlights; below this, to the ground floor, there is a deep-set arched doorway with wooden double-doors and radial fanlight. On either side of the doorway, the end bays contain two-light mullioned casements with horizontal glazing bars and to the first floor there are lunette windows, that to the left having been lengthened. The north-west elevation, which fronts the narrow lane giving access to Greenhouse Lane, is of two-storeys plus cellar in three-bays. In the end bays of the ground floor, accessed via a flight of stone steps with iron railing, there are wooden plank and batten doors and lunette windows. In the central bay there is a two-light mullioned casement with horizontal glazing bars. To the upper storey, the middle and left hand end bay contain paired iron-framed casement windows whilst the right-hand end bay contains a rectangular three-light iron-framed casement window. The interior contains four loose boxes, two on each side, with doors and partition walls of tongue and grooved boarding with iron capping. At the far end, opposite the doorway, there is a tack room with fireplace and tongue and groove boarded walls with wooden harness brackets. The upper floors of the rear section were divided into two flats in the C20 and are accessed via the doorways in the elevation fronting the access lane.
LITTLE GREENHOUSE is a C19 dwelling, constructed from limestone ashlar with a tile roof; the roofline continues over the attached coach house. It is of two storeys plus attic in four bays with an off-centre recessed porch with a peak-headed arched opening. On either side of the doorway there are three-light recessed chamfer stone mullion casements under stopped hoods; the bay at the right hand end is blind. To the first floor there are two three-light recessed chamfer stone mullioned windows and two blind single light window openings. The right gabled return contains paired lancet windows to the first floor and a single-light casement under stopped hoods to the attic. Internally, a blocked ground-floor doorway is evidence of the two houses being in single occupancy at one time.
The COACH HOUSE is a single-storey building erected in the C19 from coursed limestone rubble with a tile roof; the roof is continuous with Little Greenhouse. Accessed via the stable yard, it has a large arched coach opening, now with C20 wooden garage doors. The rear elevation to the access lane is blind.
HISTORY: Old Greenhouse Farm, formerly known as Greenhouse Lodge, and its associated subsidiary buildings have a complex building history. The principal dwelling consists of an L-shaped house with a late-C17 range to the right and a possible earlier range at right angles, to the left. This was probably a separate dwelling that was integrated in to the late-C17 range in the C19 or C20 to create a single dwelling. The late-C17 range, itself, was altered and extended in the early C18, C19 and late C20. In the C18 a detached stable block was built to the north-east of the house and in the C19 the gap between the stable block and left hand wing of Old Greenhouse Farm was infilled with a long rectangular building consisting of, under a single roofline, a coach house and a separate dwelling, known as Little Greenhouse.
REASONS FOR DESIGNATION
Old Greenhouse Farm, Little Greenhouse, the stable block and coach house are designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Architectural: Old Greenhouse Farm is a good example of a Cotswold vernacular house displaying craftsmanship of a high standard.
* Intactness: despite some losses and alteration, all retain a significant proportion of their historic fabric.
* Interior features: Old Greenhouse Farm and the stable block retain good quality original fixtures and fittings.
* Group value: Old Greenhouse Farm, Little Greenhouse, the stable block and coach house have a strong historical functional relationship, illustrating the architectural and social evolution of the site from the late-C17 onwards.
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.