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Church of St Peter, Winchcombe

Description: Church of St Peter

Grade: I
Date Listed: 4 July 1960
English Heritage Building ID: 133931

OS Grid Reference: SP0230128228
OS Grid Coordinates: 402301, 228228
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9525, -1.9679

Location: B4632, Winchcombe, Gloucestershire GL54 5LX

Locality: Winchcombe
Local Authority: Tewkesbury Borough Council
County: Gloucestershire
Country: England
Postcode: GL54 5LX

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Listing Text

(north side)
Church of St Peter

- I

Anglican parish church. c.1458 to 1468. Patrons were Abbot William de
Winchcombe followed by Ralph Boteler, Lord Sudeley. Squared Cotswold lime-
stone often in large blocks to plain crenellations concealing lead roofing.
A very regular church, all of one brief construction period, with west tower,
nave, north and south aisles incorporating organ chamber and lady chapel
respectively, 2-storey south porch, and chancel. Tower in 4 stages, diago-
nal buttresses with 4 offsets and plinth, stair vice to north-east and large
gargoyles to each buttress, good plank door under stopped drip and 4-foil
spandrels, 4-light window over, then, above continuous drip, a small 2-light
below large 4-light with transome, all in Perpendicular. Aisles have 3-
light Perpendicular between buttresses with offsets and under continuous
drip mould with large coarsed gargoyles; the clear-story lights each 2 x
2-light under square heads and similar string below crenellation; diagonal
pinnacles remain only to south aisle roof, elsewhere bases only. In Sanc-
tuary one 4-light each side of altar, and low 7-light eash window. Octa-
gonal rood stair turret north side. Upper parts of chancel including
crenellation replaced 1872 by John Drayton Wyatt, having been modified,
with a steep-pitched roof in 1690. South Porch with 2-light window over
a figure of St.Peter in niche with pinnacles, 2-light windows east and west,
and deep hollow-mould-surround to outer door in stopped drip with spandrels,
a pair of fine C18 inner doors in similar surround, and fan-vault to ground
floor. Interior: a consistent and simple interior, lofty tower arch, fan-
vault to tower, 6-bay nave with octagonal piers to 4-centre arcade, flat
pitched compartmental timber ceiling on cambered beams to plain corbels
and decorative spandrels to arch braced; aisles with flat beam roof with
'ridge' and plates richly moulded. At bay 6 rebuilt mediaeval screen, and
above this a Cl9 openwork timber 'chancel arch'; beyond screens aisles con-
tinue as organ loft and chapel, but clear-story windows in these 2 bays
have cusped transomes. Chancel with plain walls except at Sanctuary, sedi-
lia with 'nodding ogee' heads, possibly earlier than rest of church and
piscina with canopy over; C19 reredos. Roof as nave, but carried on angel
corbels. All floors C19 red, black and cream tiles. Pews and fittings
generally part of 1870 restoration, some mediaeval glass fragments in win-
dow 8 to south aisle and in lady chapel including east window, otherwise
series of consistent and well coloured C20 designs. At west end of north
and south aisles two stone coffins associated with the St Kenelm legends.
Brasses in south aisle to Margaret CRUMPE, 1647; Bridget SLAUGHTER, 1652;
above these a large slate slab beautifully inscribed to John Warren de Great,
not dated; other brasses to Elizabeth Harvey, 1685; Richard CAELEBS, 1670;
Christopher MERRETT, 1624. Brasses in north aisle include John MOUNTLOW,
1693; Elizabeth DAUNCE, 1727; Thomas MARKLEY, 1671; and a fine incised stone
slab to Michael BROADWAY, 1723. In tower arch large Royal Arms, time of
Geo III, John Burnham and Thomas Fisher recorded as church-wardens. A fine
alms chest on a pillar in bay 2 of north aisle. This is a remarkably con-
sistent, but restrained design replacing a decayed earlier fabric: for a
brief period in the C15 the parishioners worshipped in the nave of the
immediately adjacent Abbey (now completely destroyed). (Donaldson, D N,
A Portrait of Winchcombe, 1978.)

Listing NGR: SP0230428229

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.