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Description: Basing House Ruins, Including the Old House and the New House
Date Listed: 26 April 1957
English Heritage Building ID: 138833
OS Grid Reference: SU6623652589
OS Grid Coordinates: 466236, 152589
Latitude/Longitude: 51.2686, -1.0520
Explore more of the area around Old Basing and Lychpit, Hampshire at Explore Britain.
SU 6652 OLD BASING BASING HOUSE
26.4.57 Basing House Ruins,
including the Old House
and the New House
C12, C16. The site includes earthworks of a motte and bailey castle of Norman date,
the motte being a large circular area for the accommodation of buildings, surrounded by
a raised bank; to the south are outer defence mounds of the C17. After 1531, the motte
was completely redeveloped as a large residence (the Old House), the top of the rampart
on the outside having a brick wall and the inner side being lined with a series of
structures, the central space having a large hall, courts, and other buildings. What
survives is a complex of the lower parts of buildings, indicating cellars, kitchens
with fireplaces, circular staircases all built of red brick in English bond, with
several 4-centred chamfered arched openings. Only a short time later, the New House
was built, mainly on the outside and to the north-east of the original castle, in the
form of a series of rectangular structures around a central courtyard; what remains are
brick footings and a large well, the canal development of the late C18 having cut away
the outer parts. The footings of a large gateway mark the entrance to the Old House,
the approach being a bridge across the ditch between the original motte and bailey,
remaining as a painted brick arch. Throughout the area other base structures lie
hidden, including a tunnel from the Keep under the moat, on the west side. This
extensive fortified residence served as a strategic defence point during the Civil War,
being held for the King in a famous siege which ended in the storming of Basing House
by Cromwell in 1645. The area was later "slighted" and not rebuilt, its materials
(mainly Tudor bricks) being re-used in the construction of many of the village houses.
General protection is now given by the status of Ancient Monument, but the ancilliary
structure with substantial survival are treated as separate items.
Listing NGR: SU6613352592
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.