Base and broken shaft of village cross, probably dating to no later than the C11.
Reason for Listing
The base and broken shaft of Langham village cross is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Architectural Interest: it is an early medieval structure that has been dated to no later than the C11 on the evidence of the arcading on the base.
* Historic interest: it is an eloquent relic of a past community for whom it would have had a diverse functional importance.
* Artistic Interest: the simple, carved arcading attests to the early medieval date of the cross and the craftsmanship in its execution;
* Group Value: the cross has group value with the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, listed at Grade I.
In the medieval period, standing crosses were set up in various places from cross-roads and market places to villages and churchyards. They were used in numerous ways, such as memorials and marks to guide travellers, and were also a focus for public proclamations and preaching. The cross in Langham is located in the north-east corner of the churchyard of the Church of St Peter and St Paul (Grade I listed). It is understood to have been moved in the mid-C17 from its original location to the north of the Church shown on a 1624 map of the village. The cross has been dated to no later than the C11 on the evidence of the arcading on the base.
The cross is of oolitic limestone. It has a square base measuring approximately 0.7m by 0.7m. The south side is the only side that is left partially exposed from the ground, and shows the top part of an arcade consisting of three cusped pointed arches with a wider arch in the centre. The base has a socket for the shaft, now broken, which measures approximately 1.2m. It is square on plan and has two prominent convex mouldings on each side.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.