A timber-framed barn of late-C17 or early-C18 date.
Reason for Listing
The late C17 or early C18 barn at Upper Rhydimoor, Eardisland, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Intactness: with the exception of relatively minor alterations and losses which can be expected of a functioning farm building of this date, all of the principal structural components of this timber-framed barn remain in situ, and the retention of relatively fragile infill panels is noteworthy;
* Architectural: the substantial frame, with jowled corner posts and lattice gable ends seems to have been designed to be a functional building with visual interest.
The barn appears to be late-C17 or early-C18 in date with additions and alterations of the C19 and C20/C21.
A timber-framed barn of late-C17 or early-C18 date with C19, C20 and C21 additions and alterations.
MATERIALS: small-framed timber framing, standing on a rubble stone plinth, with some rendered panels of thermal infill to the lower storey and some much older, potentially original, stave-and-withie infill to the upper body. The clapboard covering which now covers much of the structure appears to date from the C20, and the present corrugated metal roof, probably replaces an original, thatched roof which was in turn replaced with tiles.
PLAN: the rectangular barn is aligned east-west with opposed double doors to the centre of its flanks. The central threshing floor is flanked by storage bays which have dwarf walls supporting open frames with angled struts that connect to the side walls.
EXTERIOR: panels of small framing show to the lower flank walls and to the lower wall of the western gable end, but the upper body and eastern gable end are covered with waney-edged clapboarding. There are two casements to the upper wall of the east end, and a single-light window to the ground floor. The other walls are blind. The roof is entirely covered with corrugated metal of C20 date.
INTERIOR: the three-bay interior has trusses which rest on jowled wall posts with ties, V-struts and angled braces. Angled struts connect from the wall posts to the lower sides of the ties. There are two ranks of staggered purlins and a ridge beam. Wind braces connect from the wall plate to the lower rank of purlins. Almost all of the original common rafters are in situ. The horizontal beams in the walls have stick holes to their undersides and channels to secure the wattle panels to their top edges. The northern gable end has a diagonal lattice of crossed timbers. Mortice holes at the west end show that this end was probably originally the same, although it now has a central post connecting to a collar and lateral angled braces, which may be original. The flank walls have angled passing braces. The winnowing floor of stone slabs remains in situ in the central bay. A hardboard loft floor, supported by pine rafters, runs across the whole of the barn and was inserted in the late C20 or early C21.
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.