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Bacon Smokehouse, Islington

Description: Bacon Smokehouse

Grade: II
Date Listed: 3 July 2014
Building ID: 1419034

OS Grid Reference: TQ3184881954
OS Grid Coordinates: 531848, 181954
Latitude/Longitude: 51.5211, -0.1010

Locality: Islington
County: Greater London Authority
Postcode: EC1M 4DG

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Listing Text


Bacon smokehouse, 1877 by Charles Bell for ER Parker, provisions merchant. Converted to offices in the late C20.

Reason for Listing

The bacon smokehouse at 44-46 St. John Street, 1877 by Charles Bell is listed at Grade II, for the following principal reasons:

* Rarity: there are no other known examples of the building type on this small scale, which was superseded by processing in much larger stoves;
* Architectural interest: this small, functional building, that was part of a larger provisions merchant’s complex by Charles Bell, it is of a pleasant composition with good quality materials and detailing, including the smoke vents that are embellished as louvred cupolas;
* Evidential value: the small scale bacon smoking industry has been superseded by larger scale operations; the building fabric holds important information about the burgeoning industry, once important in the locality;
*Survival: the single visible façade of the exterior is largely unaltered and the remaining fabric illustrates the industrial function.


Nos. 38-46 St. John Street were erected in two phases between 1877 and 1890, replacing buildings damaged by a fire in 1868. The bacon smokehouse and warehouses were built in the first phase, by Charles Bell for the provisions merchant ER Parker. The site is located nearby to the Metropolitan meat and poultry market at Smithfield, an important point for trade.

Charles Bell (1846-99) was born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, and initially trained with his brother, a builder and contractor, after which he was articled to John Giles of Craven Street, London. Bell soon started his own practice and designed a wide variety of building types, and worked across England’s South and Midlands. He became best known for his board schools and Wesleyan chapels and a number of his works are listed.

The bacon smokehouse was converted to use as offices and commercial space in the late C20.


Bacon smokehouse, 1877 by Charles Bell for ER Parker, provisions merchant. Converted to offices in the late C20.

MATERIALS: yellow stock brick, slate roof, brick chimney stack.

PLAN: the building occupies the north-eastern side of the courtyard behind 44-46 St. John Street; it is rectangular in plan.

ELEVATION: the smokehouse is a two-storey builidng enclosed on three sides by adjacent buildings. To the ground floor there are four sets of double doors. An iron walkway provides access to the first floor where there are porthole windows with sliding circular iron smoke-dampening shutters, and floor-level windows with iron shutters. The pitched slate roof has louvred ventilation cupolas and there is a single brick stack at the rear.

INTERIORS: interior not inspected.

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.