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Description: Former Church of St Edmund and Youth Centre, Anchorage Lane, Sprotbrough
Date Listed: 26 February 2015
Building ID: 1425243
OS Grid Reference: SE5623103938
OS Grid Coordinates: 456231, 403936
Latitude/Longitude: 53.5291, -1.1532
The former Church of St Edmund and youth centre, an C18 barn and agricultural building converted in 1954 by George G Pace, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Architect: the church and youth centre are a conversion of agricultural buildings by the notable mid-late C20 ecclesiastical architect, George G Pace, using an approach which he developed further with later buildings; * Architectural interest: Pace succeeded in retaining the agricultural characteristics of the barn combining them with features which were inspired by other vernacular buildings or were boldly modern in character; * Historic interest: the conversion of the former threshing barn and two-storey agricultural building was undertaken in the belief (since questioned) that the fabric related to a medieval hospital and chapel for anchoresses on the site, thereby linking a long history of ecclesiastical use.
Church and youth centre, formerly barn and agricultural building. C17 or C18 in origin, 1954 conversion by George Pace. 1963 extension. Magnesian limestone, buff and red brick, red pantile roof.
PLAN: linear, double-height building running east-west. Church at west end in former barn. Single-storey extension with meeting room and vestry opening off north side. Entrance lobby at east end of church with west doorway into church and short corridor to youth centre (later community hall) at east end. Youth centre has small stage at west end of hall. Doorway to enclosed steps built against exterior of north wall leading up to first-floor room over entrance lobby; w.c. beneath steps accessible off entrance lobby. Modern lean-to against east gable wall of youth centre housing kitchen and w.c.
EXTERIOR: the double-height range faces south towards Anchorage Lane. It is built of roughly coursed magnesian limestone rubble and comprises two contiguous buildings of similar size with rough quoining to the left-hand corner and a straight joint at approximately midpoint. The right-hand, east, building projects forward very slightly at this point. The buildings share a double-pitched roof of red pantiles with a continuous ridgeline. The church is housed in the left-hand, west building, formerly a barn. At the apex of the west gable is a simple stone cross with a small, stone bellcote to the ridge just to the left of the straight joint. Part of the front wall has been raised at eaves level along the length of the range to form flat-roofed dormers with rows of square clerestory window lights with timber frames. At the left-hand end of the church is a dormer with a row of four clerestory lights. There is a lower eaves level over the former cart entrance and then a continuous dormer spanning both buildings with a long run of clerestory windows. The church building has a row of five lights and then a row of six lights. Then there is a long row of twenty-one lights along much of the length of the right-hand youth centre. The former cart entrance of the barn has been given a concrete lintel and the large, double-door opening in-filled with a concrete grid of five by four square window lights with timber frames. On both sides of this window is a ground-floor and first-floor level ventilation slit, now glazed. At the right-hand end of the church, beneath the six-light clerestory window, is a double-doorway with a cross window to the right, sharing a concrete lintel. The doorway has diagonally boarded doors and a concrete sill. The mullion and transom of the window are also concrete with rectangular lights with timber frames. The youth centre has an approximately midpoint doorway with a narrow timber lintel and diagonally boarded double doors. To the left of this is a cross tie bar. At the right-hand end is a blocked doorway.
The west gable wall of the church has two ground-floor ventilation slits and two first-floor ventilation slits above, all now glazed. The ends of the timber wall plates, two purlins to each side and the ridge post are visible embedded in the stone wall of the east gable wall of the youth centre.
The north, rear elevation of the range is built of roughly coursed magnesian limestone with rough quoining to both outer corners. The youth centre to the left has a large, full-height opening with straight joints to the immediate left of the bellcote which has been infilled with red brick in English garden wall bond (5:1). There are also small areas of patching in red brick. At the far left-hand end is a doorway with a board door, timber lintel and red brick jambs. To its immediate right is an area of red brick infill in stretcher bond beneath a timber lintel. Towards either end of the youth centre is a square window at eaves level (both presently boarded). At ground-floor level within the full-height brick infill is a timber casement window with a timber lintel and breeze-block wall beneath. To the left is the circular restrainer of the tie bar. Immediately to the right is a flat-roofed porch and staircase block with an external staircase rising to the right and enclosed by a breeze-block wall. The porch has a doorway in the east wall and the staircase has a window at ground-floor level and one above at first-floor level (both presently boarded). The church wall has a first-floor glazed ventilation slit towards the right-hand end, but is otherwise largely obscured by a single-storey, flat-roofed extension of buff brick in stretcher bond with a horizontal timber eaves band. It abuts the staircase block at the left-hand end. The north elevation has a large, full-height window formed by a glazed timber grid.
INTERIOR: the church is of three internal bays with two pegged principal-rafter trusses with empty mortices for down braces and single tusk-tenoned purlins to each side, supplemented in part with machine-sawn purlins alongside. The closely-spaced battens are of machine-sawn timber and on the south side incorporate the dormers of the clerestory windows. The sanctuary is placed against the west gable wall and lit by a clerestory window and the two lights of glazed ventilation slits, which are splayed to the interior with rough timber lintels. The west gable wall incorporates a timber wall plate. In the gable apex above is a square pitching hole with a timber lintel and recessed blocking. The sanctuary is raised by one step which projects out on the right-hand side to form a plinth for a reading lectern. There is a shallow plinth for the altar, now removed. The floor is tiled with small, square terracotta tiles, and there is a timber communion rail which is hinged in the centre and has a name plaque with the date 1958. The lectern has a rectangular, rubble-stone base supporting a simple timber reading slope. The central bay is lit by the large grid of square lights in the cart entrance doorway on the south side. On the north side is a lower, but wide opening with a concrete lintel beneath a rough timber lintel. This has sliding timber screen doors and opens into the 1963 extension. There is evidence of original ventilation slits in the wall on both sides which are not visible externally because of the extension. The east bay is lit by a clerestory window and contains an organ gallery against the east gable wall. The gallery stands on slender, square-section steel columns painted black. The front of the gallery is formed of vertical timber slats and in the north-east corner is a spiral staircase partially enclosed in vertical timber slats with timber treads round a slender circular steel column. The east gable wall has a central doorway with diagonally-boarded double doors and a timber wall plate. The extension has brick walls built against the stone wall of the church with timber herringbone parquet flooring and a boarded ceiling. It has one large meeting room with a timber partition separating off a vestry at the east end.
The entrance lobby is plastered with partially exposed stone cross walls. The first-floor room above is reached from the youth centre beyond via the enclosed external staircase which has concrete steps. The room is lit by clerestory windows and is plastered with a boarded ceiling.
The youth centre has a small stage across the west end. The hall has timber board panelling to the lower half of the wall. The ceiling is boarded with a cut-out for the long row of clerestory windows which light the hall. Three trusses are visible on the window side encased in plaster board.
EXCLUSIONS Pursuant to s.1 (5A) of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 ('the Act') it is declared that the modern single-storey lean-to building abutting the east gable wall of the youth centre is not of special architectural or historic interest.
Mapping Note: Mastermap does not show the footprint of the lean-to extension which is excluded from the List entry. The mapped area corresponds to the church and youth centre.
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.