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Description: Former Magazine and Associated Blast Walls at Former Royal Naval Armaments Depot, 200m Wnw of Entran
Date Listed: 21 May 1985
English Heritage Building ID: 143446
OS Grid Reference: SU3906311478
OS Grid Coordinates: 439063, 111478
Latitude/Longitude: 50.9015, -1.4459
Explore more of the area around Marchwood, Hampshire at Explore Britain.
1860/5/37 MAGAZINE LANE
21-MAY-85 Former magazine and associated blast w
alls at former Royal Naval Armaments D
epot, 200m WNW of Entrance Lodge (Marc
hwood Yacht Club offices)
(Formerly listed as:
Former magazine at former Royal Naval
Armaments Depot, 200m WNW of Entrance
Magazine, now derelict. 1856-7. Red brick walls, roofs of grey slate
laid to diminishing courses; cambered gauged brick arches to openings.
Rectangular plan, divided into 4 bays by timber posts supporting valleys of
pitched roofs, hipped at ends, over each bay. Doors in long sides, four
sash windows with Portland stone sills to end walls. Interior: softwood trusses; partial survival of barrel racks, a very rare example. Surrounded by mid-late C19 brick blast walls.
HISTORY: Marchwood was conceived in 1811 as a store depot like Tipner (Porstmouth). Potential canal communications from Southampton water were the Redbridge-Andover, Northampton-Winchester and Bursledon-Botley navigations. This was to be a 20,000 barrel magazine with two 10,000 barrel magazines the preferred disposition. In the event, and after deliberation resulting the adoption of submitted in 1811 by Sir William Congreve over those by General Fisher (commanding officer of the Portsmouth Royal Engineers' Department), 3 magazines each with a 6,800 capacity were built, with a small internal L-shaped channel for moving barrels by barge and a centrally-placed Shifting House. The shortcomings revealed through the Crimean War brought about the decision to increase storage capability, and additional magazines were built at Marchwood, Tipner and Upnor. In July 1853, the CRE Portsmouth had been asked to prepare a report on the expense of making Marchwood serviceable again. The magazines were ordered in September to be made fit to receive powder from Dover, and in November the floor of No. 3 Magazine was ordered to be made good before the establishment was re-established as a Powder Station and Officers appointed. This, effectively the second foundation of Marchwood, was marked by a vast increase in its storage, four new magazines, three of 14,400 and one of 9,600 barrels capacity being built in 1856-7. A Times article of 1864 noted that Marchwood was 'the largest magazine in the Kingdom', with a capacity of 76,000 barrels of powder. The establishment began to be wound down soon afterwards, there being 45 employees in 1898. B, E, F and G magazines were destroyed by the Luftwaffe in June 1940, and the Admiralty's use of the depot declined steeply after 1945: it was closed in 1961.
(Roger Bowdler, Former Board of Ordnance Gunpowder Magazines, Magazine Lane, Marchwood, Hampshire, Historical Analysis and Research Team, English Heritage, 1997)
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.