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Description: 44 and 46, Broad Street
Date Listed: 12 April 1973
English Heritage Building ID: 150993
OS Grid Reference: SO6557754619
OS Grid Coordinates: 365577, 254619
Latitude/Longitude: 52.1887, -2.5049
815/1/158 BROAD STREET
44 AND 46
(Formerly listed as:
16 AND 17)
The mid-C18 house has an early-C19 shopfront inserted to west - No. 44 - and an early-C20 shopfront inserted to east - No. 46. The upper storeys are of red brick, laid in Flemish bond, with brick stacks and slate roof.
EXTERIOR: Above the shopfronts, the principal (N) frontage has 5 windows to the first floor, the central window with a rounded head; there are moulded and corniced keystones to the windows - the cornice is missing from the keystone of the arched window, which also has imposts. The first-floor windows to No. 44 have unhorned 6-over-6 sashes, and the sashes of the arched window are unhorned and multi-paned; the first-floor windows to No. 46 have replacement horned 2-over-2 sashes. On the second floor, 3 square windows, inserted when the eaves level was raised by 10 brick courses; there is now a heavy moulded eaves cornice. Between the two shopfronts, a doorway with a replacement door, surmounted by an original 6-pane rectangular fanlight. The two shopfronts were originally similar, before the front of No. 46 was replaced. The shopfront to No. 44 was remodelled in the first decade of the C21, when its C19 appearance was restored; it now has a central recessed doorway with fanlight, with projecting, multi-pane windows to either side. The composition retains the original projecting cornice which once linked the two shopfronts. The present shopfront to No. 46 is set forward from the facade. A recessed, glazed door is surmounted by a clock, thought to be part of the original design. To either side, large multi-pane windows with splayed returns, surmounted by transom lights with shallow arches. Across the top, a fascia board. The shopfront is framed by panelled pilasters, topped by console brackets. The roughcast rear elevation has 2 gables, and irregular, altered, fenestration. There is a C20 extension to SW.
INTERIOR: The interior was not inspected but has been informed by the Insight Historic Buildings Research report (2009). No. 44 retains a relocated mid-C18 dog-leg staircase in the 'Chinese Chippendale' style; this was originally situated at the centre of the building. On the first floor, some joinery thought to be original - a panelled door, and window seats. No. 46 has a large fireplace to the ground floor, now covered, but reported to contain kitchen fittings. Also on the ground floor, a glazed door providing a view of the shop from the back room. The doorcase, thought to be early-C19,and possibly re-used, has a reeded architrave with flower motifs. This part of the building has an early-C19 plain dog-leg staircase with stick balusters and turned newel posts. On the first floor, some C18 panelling.
Bromyard is a small market town that was first recorded in circa 840. The building now known as 44 and 46 Broad Street is situated on one of the principal thoroughfares in the town adjoining the market square. The street appears to have been fully built up by the early C17, though some of the plots have been re-developed since that time.
Nos 44 and 46 Broad Street is a mid-C18 house, remodelled in the early C19 when the house was divided and two shopfronts inserted to the ground floor. The more easterly of the shopfronts was replaced in the early C20.
Dalwood H and Bryant V, An Archaeological Assessment of Bromyard - The Central Marches Historic Towns Survey 1992-6 (2005) - http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/projArch/EUS/marches_eus_2005/downloads.cfm?county=herefordshire&area=bromyard&CFID=1543698&CFTOKEN=53188440 - Accessed on 18 August 2010
James D, Insight Historic Buildings Research, An Analysis of the Historic Fabric of Fifty Buildings in the Central Area of Bromyard, Herefordshire (2009)
REASONS FOR DESIGNATION:
The building known as Nos. 44 and 46 Broad Street, Bromyard, is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* HISTORICAL: as an C18 town house with later shop fronts of two phases; each element of the facade is of high quality, and the composite effect is illustrative of the development of the area
* ARCHITECTURAL: for its handsome and symmetrical - though altered - Georgian frontage, with central arched window, and decorated keystones; some sash frames are thought to be original
* DESIGN INTEREST: for its later shopfronts - the western of these being a restored example of an early-C19 frontage, and the eastern being a particularly bold late-C19 or early-C20 composition
* INTERIOR: the interior retains some features of interest, including C18 panelling, and a Chinese Chippendale staircase
* GROUP VALUE: with other listed buildings in Broad Street
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.