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Gaddesden Place, Great Gaddesden

Description: Gaddesden Place

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 22 October 1952
English Heritage Building ID: 157848

OS Grid Reference: TL0382411083
OS Grid Coordinates: 503824, 211083
Latitude/Longitude: 51.7888, -0.4961

Locality: Great Gaddesden
Local Authority: Dacorum Borough Council
County: Hertfordshire
Country: England
Postcode: HP2 6EX

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Listing Text

TL 01 SW
(West side)
3/67 Gaddesden Place


Country house, now in part domestic, part commercial use. 'Bilt Ju.1768
for Tho Halsey Eqr', inscribed on plaster in NE ground floor room.
Occupied 1774. Traditionally by James Wyatt (and if so, is his earliest
dated work). Conservatory 1881. House gutted by fire Feb 1905, rebuilt
1908 by Cole A. Adams for Halsey family, within old shell. N pavilion
and quadrant link demolished in 1955 when clock moved to parish church
and 2 fireplaces to The Golden Parsonage, q.v. S pavilion and E wall of
quadrant link demolished c.1963 also for dry rot. Totternhoe stone
ashlar, dressings renewed in C20 in Bath stone, podium in Roman Cement
lined as ashlar on red brick. Hipped slate roof behind parapet. A large
Palliadian symmetrical villa set on the hillslope commanding the Gade
Valley to the W. 5 windows wide, 4 at ends, 2-storeys, attic and
basement. Entered from E at ground floor level by central C19 porte
couchere. The base-storey survives of quadrant corridors and 2 former
pavilions to NE and SE. A terastyle Ionic full height portico fronts
the 3 middle bays of W front with triangular pediment and 16 stone
steps. The dentilled cornice runs all round the block with parapet and
balustraded panels above windows. The balustrade is said to have
replaced the original blocking course in the 1908 restoration. 1881
conservatory against convex W face of SE quadrant corridor has dentilled
entablature breaking forward over Composite order columns with urns over
and transomed tall 2-light windows between. Moulded stone shouldered
architrave surrounds to windows on E and W fronts, the ground floor
windows emphasised with trusses and cornice. Plate glass sashes. The
pavilions were originally of 2-storeys and basement, facing E, 3 windows
wide, with projecting central bay on E and W with Venetian window and
pediment over. The interior retains the original symmetrical disposition
of spaces but the classical interiors are of 1908 except for an original
6-panel mahogany door in the drawing room E wall with enriched mouldings
and commemorative brass plate on leading edge. A fire surround with
Wedgewood plaques, similar to one at The Golden Parsonage, has an
inscribed plate dating its installation to after the fire. Entrance from
E is by double doors in stone doorcase into a square outer hall with
black and white marble chequered floor, fan-design plaster ceiling, and
doors on 3 sides. That on LH leads into panelled library with dark wood
bookcases around and fireplace on W wall. On RH are service rooms
leading to nursery at NE corner. Straight ahead is the central inner
hall with panelling to lower part of walls, oval open centre to ceiling
of double-height space with fluted Ionic columns supporting a domed oval
rooflight. Wide balustraded wooden staircase rises beside S and W walls
to arcaded 1st floor in obtrusive asymmetrical form - the original
staircase presumably rose in the compartment of the plan to S of central
hall which was appropriated to bathrooms and plumbing in 1908. Service
stair to N of hall. A large saloon occupies the middle 3 bays of the W
front behind the portico with drawing room to S and dining room to N.
6-panel mahogany moulded doors generally, moulded cornices, skirtings,
doorcases, and appropriate fire surrounds. Columned screen introduced at
W end of drawing room. Groin-vaulted servants' hall in basement. (VCH
(1908)201: Cussans III (1879) 121: Kelly (1914)103: Pevsner (1977)152:
RCHM Typescript).

Listing NGR: TL0382411083

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.