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Cavendish House, Markyate

Description: Cavendish House

Grade: II
Date Listed: 26 January 1967
English Heritage Building ID: 157945

OS Grid Reference: TL0598816619
OS Grid Coordinates: 505988, 216619
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8381, -0.4631

Location: 27 High Street, Markyate, Hertfordshire AL3 8PB

Locality: Markyate
Local Authority: Dacorum Borough Council
County: Hertfordshire
Country: England
Postcode: AL3 8PB

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Listing Text

TL 0516
(West side)
7/166 & 8/166 Nos. 28/30
26.1.67 (Cavendish House)
(Formerly listed as
GV Cavendish House)


House or inn, now a house and shop. C16, N parlour wing and NW stair
probably early C17, brick front and extensive alterations in early/mid
C18, rear lean-to extensions, alterations to entrance and NW rear
stairwell, twin bay windows to N wing, and lean-to conservatory on N
end, mid C19. Timber frame on stuccoed plinth, roughcast but front of
fine red brick in header-bond with stucco dressings. N wing cased in red
brick in Flemish bond. Very steep old red tile roofs. Slated rear
lean-to extensions. A 9-windows long 2-storeys range raised above a
half-basement, on street front, facing E. The 2-windows N part rises
higher exposing timber framing in its S gable. The remainder has a front
parapet, the 2-windows southern part being set back with an arched
carriageway through the S end bay, E front has a high stucco plinth with
2 stucco keystone arches to basement windows. Flush box sash windows
under segmental gauged arches to ground and 1st floors. Mid C19 central
half-glazed double doors in stucco surround with a man's face on the
keystone (? Shakespeare) flanked by scrolled brackets. 4 steps to door
between tall pedestals carrying undersized Doric columns supporting a
wide projecting dentilled triangular-pedimented hood of C18 origin.
Small semi-circular window over porch lights stair landing. Wide boarded
double doors with wicket in carriageway with wide elliptical gauged red
brick arch with stucco impost blocks and pilasters. Scrolled stucco
brackets to eaves cornice of N wing, with 2 similar sash windows over
twin canted bays with 1/1:2/2:1/2 panes sash windows, panelled stucco
base, and flanking pilasters. Entrance to shop using bay windows, is by
a half-glazed door in the white weatherboarded E end of the lean-to
conservatory to N. This N wing appears to be a parlour wing and has a
large projecting chimney with 2 flues central in rear wall and a gabled
stair tower to rear linked to garden by a Victorian glazed passage. The
main range has a gallery or 1st floor passage running outside the
structural rear wall, suggesting that it was built as an inn. Timber
frame exposed in carriageway and in rear wall. Gabled single-bay 2
storeys rear wing opposite front entrance has exposed timber framing
with jowled posts, clasped-purlin on collar roof, and cambered gable
tie-beam cut for insertion of a sash window with 8/8 panes. Painted
brick infill and large N side lateral chimney with 3 flues also serving
shorter gabled projection ranging with NW stair tower. The absence of a
major chimney stack, the rear corner fireplaces used for the main ground
floor rooms, and the jowled bay-posts flanking the present central
stairwell by the front door point to a large internal chimney having
been removed from this narrow central bay in the early/mid C18
alterations. The interior has a fielded panelled room over the
carriageway, C18 2-panels door with H and I-L hinges, C18 closed string
moulded staircase with turned balusters and square panelled newel posts.
Ground floor rooms have moulded cornice, panelled dado, 2-panels moulded
doors, and white marble corner fireplace surround (without shelf) and
fluted keystone to stilted flat arch. Exposed timber structure shows
straight braces from front and rear walls to tie-beams, side-purlin roof
structure, and cased axial beams. Elaborate decorated C19 plasterwork to
ceiling of entrance hall in C17 style and flamboyant large ceiling
feature over NW stairwell. This also has high-relief moulded plaster
leaf-scroll surround to W window with head having a framed roundel
portrait said to be of Duke of Devonshire. Enriched moulded surround to
N window of this staircase.

Listing NGR: TL0598816619

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.