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Description: 64, High Street
Date Listed: 26 January 1967
English Heritage Building ID: 157953
OS Grid Reference: TL0614416401
OS Grid Coordinates: 506144, 216401
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8361, -0.4609
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MARKYATE HIGH STREET
8/174 No. 64
Inn, now a private house. Late C16, fragmentary wallpaintings c,1600,
internal alterations and insertion of attic floor in C18, refronted
c.1820. Timber frame on high red brick sill, infilled with red brick on
ground floor, exposed with painted or plastered brick panels on 1st
floor at rear and in rear wing. Dark weatherboarded gable triangle to
rear wing. Front wall and parapet stuccoed with deep chanelled
rustication. Steep old red tile roofs. A large, L-plan, 2-storeys,
cellar and former attics block, facing E, with carriageway through N end
of front range, and formerly a stair turret in the angle of the wings.
Stucco E front symmetrical about projecting bay with door in
round-headed doorway up 4 steps and small round-headed window over. 2
sash windows with plate glass on each floor on each side of centre.
Rear has high red brick sill supporting timber frame with bay-posts
exposed to full height. Red brick infill panels on ground floor, painted
brick infill to 1st floor between storey-height studs. Similar 2-bays,
2-storeys rear wing with exposed timbers on both side-walls and tilehung
W gable triangle. Single-storey W extension at end. Weatherboarded
infill to gable at roof level on front range where the full-height
original stair tower has been reduced to a single-storey rear porch with
access to cellar through floor flap. Casement windows generally, with a
2-light ovolo moulded casement on upper floor of rear wing. Interior
shows front range to have 4 structural bays, the north bay occupied by
the carriageway with a large C17 chimney backing onto it. This serves a
large ground floor room with sophisticated early C17 classical
Totternhoe stone fireplace with rectangular plaster conical hood,
tapering stone pilasters full entablature, moulded shelf, and centre
block, ovolo moulded cross-beam and one square surviving of a complete
scheme of wall paintings. Traces on 2 other walls. The panel has a fawn
or satyr amid unusually free, large-scale scrolling with classical
foliage and grotesques. Traces of frieze carried onto beam and design
continued over timber studs. Black on white with yellow/green
background, formerly limewashed over. Late C16 style (report by E Clive
Rouse in RCHM records). There is similar wallpainting in situ on the
central stud of N end wall in attic with stylised foliage in black on
white with border and yellow flowers. Similar painted timbers said to be
re-used as floor joists to attic now concealed, which was probably
inserted in C18. Below the painted panel on ground floor is a small
diamond-mullioned 3-light oak window intended as a borrowed light for
the former cellar stair. There is an C18 arched opening to the former
stair on rear wall in-line with now blocked front door to street. The S
front room has an ovolo-moulded crossbeam supporting the chamfered axial
beams which run through this range, and a corner fireplace to the C18
chimney inserted in the SE corner. The 4-bays roof of the front range
seems to continue to N into No. 62. Clasped-purlin, collar and tie-beam
trusses, and long curved wind-braces. The 2-bays rear wing a kitchen and
service wing with large internal chimney emerging to S of roof ridge.
Stack appears to have replaced a timber framed original jointed to
framed S wall. N jamb a re-used ceiling beam. Jowled posts, long curved
braces to tie-beam, and straight braces to wall-plates. These have a
junction just beyond the chimney suggesting the W end an extension, C18
iron grate on 1st floor and 2-panel ovolo moulded doors with H hinges.
Main stair said to have been moved in 1940 to Woodhill Park House
nearby. Inn said to have had The Swan as its name. " '
Listing NGR: TL0614416401
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.