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Description: Church of St Mary
Date Listed: 16 December 1966
English Heritage Building ID: 166715
OS Grid Reference: TA1342535816
OS Grid Coordinates: 513425, 435816
Latitude/Longitude: 53.8063, -0.2791
SWINE CHURCH LANE
TA 13 NW
5/39 Church of St Mary
Church, formerly east appendix to nun's church at Cistercian nunnery.
c1180, early C14, C15, rebuilding of west tower in 1787, C19 porch and
vestry. Magnesian limestone ashlar with Welsh slate roof. 3-stage, west
tower, 4-bay nave with clerestory, aisles and south porch, single-bay
chancel with south vestry and north aisle chapel. Nave and chancel under
continuous roof. Tower: plinth. Diagonal buttresses with off-sets. To
west side a 2-light pointed window with reticulated-type tracery to head in
double-chamfered surround under hollow-moulded hood. Slit window to right.
South side has slit window. First-stage band. Second-stage band. To each
side are 2-light belfry openings with Y-tracery in double-chamfered pointed
surrounds under hoodmoulds. Cornice. Battlements with pinnacles to angles.
Nave: south aisle; to west end a 3-light pointed window with reticulated
tracery to head under hoodmould with face stops. South porch to first bay
has pointed-arched opening with roll-moulding to head on cylindrical piers
with hollow-moulded capitals in chamfered surround under hoodmould. Within
a pointed plank door in hollow-and-roll moulded surround. Otherwise aisle
has three 3-light, straight-headed windows with reticulated tracery in
hollow-chamfered surrounds under hoodmoulds with face stops. To fourth bay
a 2-trefoiled-light window under 4-centred-arch in hollow-moulded surround.
Chamfered eaves. To east end of aisle a 3-light window with reticulated
tracery to head in 4-centred surround under hoodmould, partly obscured by
vestry. Clerestory has lancet lights to each bay with pilaster buttresses
between. Corbel table continues across chancel. South chancel: vestry has
pilaster buttress and pointed plank door under hoodmould with face stops.
Hollow-chamfered cornice, low parapet, chamfered copings. To east of vestry
a 2-light straight-headed window. Clerestory has 3-light window in 4-
centred surround with Perpendicular tracery to head. North side: aisle
continues across nave and chancel. End buttresses with off-sets. To first
bay a pointed-arched plank door within chamfered surround with quatrefoil
decoration to spandrels under hollow-moulded hoodmould with face stops. 3-
light, straight-headed windows with reticulated tracery throughout under
hollow-chamfered hoodmoulds with headstops. Low parapet. Chamfered
copings. To east end of aisle a 5-light window with reticulated tracery in
4-centred surround. Clerestory has pilaster buttresses between bays.
Lancets to first 5 bays, otherwise concealed by lean-to roof. Corbel table.
East end has pilaster buttresses. 7-light window in 4-centred moulded
surround with Perpendicular tracery under hoodmould with face stops.
Interior. Double-chamfered, pointed tower arch with square abaci. 4-bay,
pointed-arched, triple-chamfered arcades, those to 2 easternmost bays of
north side have zigzag moulding to outer arch, all on cylindrical piers with
scalloped capitals and square abaci set on moulded bases. Late C18
artificial stone font has 4-columnar stem surmounted by bowl. Pulpit: dated
'ANNO 1619' has decorative panels with blank round arches. Eight choir
stalls with misericords: a man looking through his legs, 5 heads, a
grotesque, and a griffin. Screens, to north-east chapel and to chancel:
parts of 2 reused screens c1531 with linenfold panelling and columns with
spiral and lozenge decoration. Monuments: 2 medieval coffins to west of
aisles. Other alabaster effigial tombs to members of the Hilton family: a
knight and his lady c1370 on a chest decorated with shields in quatrefoils
in the south aisle; in north-east chapel c1393 to Sir Robert and his wife
Constance on tomb chests with pairs of angels holding shields; c1372 to
Robert Hilton and his wife Maud on a chest with shields and kneeling weeper;
and c1400 to Robert Hilton on chest in process of restoration at time of
Resurvey. Medieval graveslab with incised cross and remains of another.
Pevsner N, Yorkshire, York and The East Riding, 1978, p 353-4. Routh P E,
Medieval Effigial Alabaster Tombs in Yorkshire, 1976, pp 106-116.
Listing NGR: TA1342935816
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.