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Bishop's Court with Bishop's Court Flat and Rear Flat Attached, Rochester

Description: Bishop's Court with Bishop's Court Flat and Rear Flat Attached

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 24 October 1950
English Heritage Building ID: 173149

OS Grid Reference: TQ7412368338
OS Grid Coordinates: 574123, 168338
Latitude/Longitude: 51.3874, 0.5011

Location: 22 Saint Margaret's Street, Rochester ME1 1TS

Locality: Rochester
County: Medway
Country: England
Postcode: ME1 1TS

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Listing Text

TQ 7468 SW
9/216 No 24: Bishop's
Court with Bishop's
Court flat and rear
flat attached
House, now Bishop's Palace. Builds of C15, C1600, C1678, early
and later C18, 1845 (dated), 1920s and 1961. The house was left
to the bishops of Rochester in the late C17, sold by the
Ecclesiastical Commissioners in the C19 and re-purchased by them
to form the present bishop's residence. Knapped flint with brick
dressings to early build, red brick to later additions; Kent tile
roofs. 2 storeys with attics, irregular 'Z' plan, mostly double
depth pile; single storey with attics to 1920s addition along St
Margaret's Street. Garden front (to rear) reveals a substantial
2 and 3 chamber 2 storey house of c.1600 with 2 rectangular 2
storey bays and massive external stack. Circa 1920 ground floor
render, 2 canted brick 2 storey bays with oak mullioned and
transomed leaded casement windows in C17 style. South gable has
stack with 2 set offs bracketted coping and 3 diamond-set flues.
Set offs continue as flinted string course across gable and
garden front. On garden front at north a 2-bay C18 brick
extension possibly concealing earlier build. 2 ground floor
2-leaf 16 pane French doors, 2 first floor 12-pane sashes with
glazing bars under cambered soldier arches. Attics have 2 c.1920
gables over bays, one central c.1920 5 light casement, and to
left 2 light casement dormers. Gable at north has c.1600 work
at ground floor, C18 brick skin, c.1920 brick and flint
alterations above. Substantial north return has datestone RW1845
with 5 ground floor c.1920 casements, 4 first and 4 second floor
sash windows with glazing bars. 4 prominent stacks. Entrance
front has 1961 neo-Georgian single storey entrance wing at
centre, 2-storey, 2-bay wing of C18 date to left with hipped
roof. To right, early C18 wing with complex roof pattern of 4
different pitches, incorporating inside a staircase (see below)
said to be of 1678. This is brought forward to line of road with
3 storey, 3 bay facade, parapet roof. 2 ground, 3 first floor
12 pane and 2 second floor 9 pane sashes, at first floor under
c.1700 segmental and at second floor under flat rubbed brick
arches. Single storey wing with attics attached along street at
north, c.1920. 4 ground floor and 5 dormer casements. Carriage
arch. 2-storey elevation to service court at rear. Interior:
Earlier build is c.1500 quadripartite vaulted undercroft,
arranged as chapel with imported C16-17 mannerist woodwork,
panelling and stalls. One ground floor room at south against
gable has late C17 raised and fielded wooden panelling, bolection
mouldings to panels, 4 beams, box cornices. Impressive
staricase said to be 1678: to first floor ony, and clearly
additional to the putative original c.1600 3 cell build. Turned
balusters, stout rails dentil cornice, treads with florettes to
undersides. Heraldic beasts of mid 'C19 origin to newel heads.
Staircase continued to second floor with C19 work imitating
c.1678. First floor panelled chamber against south gable with
stile and muntin panelling, ovolo moulded stopped and chamfered
spine girder beam. 4-centre arched stone fireplace of c.1500.
Renaisance/Mannerist wooden carved overmantle.

Listing NGR: TQ7411068302

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.