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Barnes Place, Hadlow

Description: Barnes Place

Grade: I
Date Listed: 20 October 1954
English Heritage Building ID: 179542

OS Grid Reference: TQ6459248116
OS Grid Coordinates: 564592, 148116
Latitude/Longitude: 51.2085, 0.3549

Location: 15 Three Elm Lane, Hadlow TN11 0LE

Locality: Hadlow
Local Authority: Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council
County: Kent
Country: England
Postcode: TN11 0LE

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Listing Text

TQ 64 NW
6/106 Barnes Place


Large farmhouse. Early C14 with a series of improvements through the C15,
C16, and C17, some C19 and C20 modernisation. Exposed timber framing, most of
the ground floor level has been underbuilt with C19 Flemish bond red brick
with some burnt headers, rear of main block is clad with C19 scallop-shaped
tiles; brick and sandstone stacks with brick chimneyshafts; peg-tile roof.

Plan and Development: L-plan farmhouse. the main block is set back from the
lane and faces north north west, say north. It has a 2-room plan with a 2-
storey service outshot on the left (east) end. The left room of the house is
a parlour with a projecting gable-end stack. To right is a large entrance
hall with an axial stack towards the right end. Direct entry from front into
the entrance hall and main stairs rise against the back wall alongside the
stack. At the right (west) end is the 3-room plan parlour crosswing. It
projects to rear and very slightly forward. Main parlour at the front with
principal bedchamber above with projecting outer lateral stack. Service rooms
to rear now used as offices. Single storey kitchen block projects backwards
in the angle of the 2 wings. It has an axial stack between the main kitchen
and small unheated rear room.

This is a house with a long and complex structural history. Its present
layout has evolved through successive building phases. The main block was
built in the early C14. The present main block was a medieval open hall
house, open to the roof and heated by an open hearth fire. The entrance hall
was the hall itself. There is evidence for a closed truss at the right (west)
end. There was probably a 2-storey solar end beyond which was replaced by the
present parlour crosswing. At the other (eastern) end of the hall there is a
spere truss indicating that the room beyond was the service end and also open
to the roof. This end now is the result of a C19 modernisation; it is not
possible to determine when the spere truss was closed and that end floored
over. The parlour crosswing was added in the late C15/early C16. A 2-storey
wing with the first floor open to the roof and the stack probably dates from
this time. The first floor chamber was originally jettied at the front. At
the same time the closed truss was altered and a moulded dais beam inserted.
The main block was originally wider than it is now. It was narrowed, probably
in the early/mid C16 when a timber-framed stack was inserted and the hall
floored over. The flooring may have been in 2 C16 phases. The layout of the
beams might indicate that there was first a gallery across the rear but the
whole flooring is in a very similar style. From the beginning there was a
staircase basically where there is one now. Parlour crosswing was refurbished
in the late C16/early C17. The kitchen block is C18 or C19 but there is no
sign of an earlier kitchen.

Main house is 2 storeys with attics in the roofspace.

Exterior: Attractive building. Asymmetrical 2:3:1-window front. The 2-
window section to left is to the outshot. Most are C20 casements, a couple
with glazing bars but most with rectangular panes of leaded glass. 3-bay main
block has central doorway; C20 part-glazed door with side lights. To left a
late C19 casement with margin panes and to right a late C19/early C20 window
with pointed arch head. Main block framing is large framing with secondary
straight tension braces. Mortises in the central bay suggest there was once a
projecting bay window there. The main block roof hips down slightly to the
lower parlour crosswing roof to right and is gable-ended to left. The outshot
is set back with a lower roof, gable-ended with a lean-to on the end. The
crosswing roof is gabled to the front and hipped to rear. The front end is
close-studded above a moulded bressummer at first floor level. The western
front has a 1:2-window front interrupted by the large stack. Its base is
sandstone blocks laid to rough courses, brick above with tall divided diagonal
chimneyshafts. All the first floor windows are C20 casements with arch-headed
lights and the contemporary window ground floor front has a pointed arch head.
All windows this side have leaded glass panes, mostly diamond panes. The
brick kitchen wing projects back further than the crosswing and on the inner
side has a C20 projecting porch, its gable above eaves level. The back of the
main block includes a late C19/early C20 pointed arch head window with Y-
tracery to the hall and C19 French window with'margin panes to the parlour. 3
gabled dormers in the main block roof and C20 half dormer to the outshot.

Interior: Exceptional. The main block includes the extensive remains of the
C14 house. Hall roof is 2 bays, carried on the remains of a large arch-braced
base cruck truss. Chamfered arch brace is evidently a cruck post reused when
the building was narrowed. Octagonal crown post and 4-way curving braces.
Even below the attic ceiling the crown post is smoke-blackened from the
original open hearth fire. Both ends of the hall arcade posts are exposed at
first floor level. West end front post has a curving windbrace from post to
arcade plate and others show evidence for 2 sets of arch-braces in each spere.
On the hall side the posts are chamfered with the remains of moulded capitals.
Both end trusses have plain crown posts with curving down braces. At least
one of the arcade plates continues east of the hall but it is plastered over.
A large horizontal plate is exposed at first floor level in the east wall but
is too low to take the arcade plates.

The posts of the western closed truss now sit on a secondary dais beam moulded
with beads and a coved hollow chamfer. The hall fireplace is brick with a
plain timber surround. The first floor structure appears to have been altered
a little in the C19. This appears to be a C17 rebuild of a C16 timber-framed
stack but the rear part appears to be C16. All the beams and joists are
chamfered with step stops. Stairs from ground to first floor are C20 but the
plain stairs up to the attic rooms are much earlier and lead to C17 and C18
doorways. Little carpentry is exposed in the main block parlour, the chamber
above or the hall chamber since all are still as they were refurbished in the
mid C19. Hall chamber has a good C19 iron grate and chimneypiece.

West end of the hall includes paired blocked doorframes to the parlour
crosswing. Parlour has unchamfered crossbeam and joists and a large stone
ashlar fireplace with Tudor arch head and moulded surround. Similar fireplace
to great chamber. Chamber has 2-bay roof over. Tie beam and wall posts are
hollow-chamfered and formerly arch-braced. It also appears to have had a
crown post but roof replaced in late C16/early C17 with clasped side purlin
construction with queen struts.

Barnes Place is an important and well-preserved medieval house containing good
but modest work from most subsequent building phases. It also forms part of a
good group of listed buildings at the eastern end of the hamlet at Golden

Listing NGR: TQ6459248116

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.