Description: The Trench
Date Listed: 19 February 1990
English Heritage Building ID: 179549
OS Grid Reference: TQ5769749546
OS Grid Coordinates: 557697, 149546
Latitude/Longitude: 51.2233, 0.2569
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HILDENBOROUGH COLDHARBOUR LANE (west side)
TQ 54 NE
5/112 The Trench
Large house. Probably 1830s in origin, thoroughly remodelled in the later
C19. Flemish and English bond brick with sandstone dressings and some tile-
hanging; 1980s Sussex clay-tile roof; brick stacks. The late C19 phase, which
predominates externally, is Tudor in style.
Plan: South-facing, overlooking the garden, with an entrance in the east
elevation, which faces Coldharbour Lane. Overall U plan, the main block
double depth with rear (north) wings to left and right. The core of the house
seems to be an early C19 bow-fronted double depth house, 3 rooms wide with a
stair to the rear of the main entrance hall in the centre. The south front
was probably the main entrance elevation. This house was largely rebuilt in a
Tudor style in the late C19, retaining the bow front, the stair and the
overall dimensions of the original but adding a rear right (north east)
service wing. The rear left wing is probably early C20, dating from a
programme of internal refurbishment and some refenestration. The early C20
phase was probably complete by 1913 (photograph in the possession of the
Exterior: 2 storeys and attic with a cellar. Windows with chamfered stone
architraves, some painted. Gabled roofs. The Tudor style alterations
predominate externally. Asymmetrical 4-window east (entrance) elevation with
a massive 2-storey projecting C19 gabled porch in the centre, tile-hung with
bands of scalloped tiles at first floor level and jettied out on vine-carved
brackets with a moulded fascia beam to the jetty. C19 front door with lapped
planks and strap hinges in a Tudor arched chamfered stone doorframe. The
porch has a first floor curved oriel window, probably an early C20 addition,
with ovolo-moulded mullions and small-pane timber casements. The gable has an
attic window, a massive timber pendant and pyramidal finial at the apex and
elaborate, moulded, pierced bargeboards. The porch has a diapered brick stack
on the left return. To the right of the porch another C19 diapered stack
projecting with set-offs, has had its shaft truncated in the early C20 and one
first and ground floor window punched through it. Small 1-light window
alongside the porch to its right. To the left of the porch a shallow ground
floor bay with a 2-light transomed window and a 2-light small-pane casement
above. The south (garden) elevation retains a probably early C19 3-window bow
in the centre, flanked by later C19 gabled bays, each one window wide. The
gables have elaborate pierced ogee bargeboards with pendants and finials at
the apex and small-pane casement windows with chamfered stone surrounds and
Tudor hoodmoulds to the ground floor. The bow also has casement windows and
steps up to an early C20 French window in the centre; gabled attic dormer in
the centre above the bow. The rear (north) elevation has tile-hung gables,
the north east wing gable with ornamental bargeboards. Early C20 ovolo-
moulded mullioned 2- and 3-light casements, the stair window transomed with a
bellcote on the roof above it. Other windows are later C20. An Edwardian
billiard room, converted to separate accommodation, adjoins the house at the
north west and is not included in the listing.
Interior: The fittings are largely late C19, some imported from elsewhere,
including a series of good panelled doors with diamond panels and reveals.
Plaster cornices, some C19 and some early C20 survive in most of the ground
floor rooms. The main structure of the stair is circa 1830 but probably a
stick balustrade has been replaced with a heavy Edwardian balustrade with
turned balusters and a moulded ramped handrail.
Trench is said to have been built for the trainer of Lord Derby's horses.
Stabling, converted to housing and in separate ownership, survives to the
An evolved C19 villa.
Listing NGR: TQ5769749546
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.