British Listed Buildings

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Royal Exchange, City of London

Description: Royal Exchange

Grade: I
Date Listed: 4 January 1950
English Heritage Building ID: 199407

OS Grid Reference: TQ3282581144
OS Grid Coordinates: 532825, 181144
Latitude/Longitude: 51.5136, -0.0872

Location: Cornhill, City of London, EC3V 3 EC2R 8AY

Locality: City of London
County: Greater London
Country: England
Postcode: EC2R 8AY

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Listing Text

(North Side)
Royal Exchange
TQ 3281 SE 10/293 4.1.50.


1841 to 4, by Sir William Tite. Building of 2 main storeys round arcaded courtyard,
formerly open. Rich, heavy classical style in Portland stone. 8 columned portico
to west with figure sculpture in tympanum of pediment and 3 arched openings behind
with barrel vaults above. Side elevations pilastered, with arcades incorporating
shops below a mezzanine and upper windows with shaped heads. 3 central bays have
richer carving and single, recessed entrance. 2 statues to north elevation. Attic
storey behind modelled parapet and balustrade. Pairs of chimney stacks connected
by arches. Curved corners at rear and central portico of 4 engaged columns. Pilastered
tower above with large statue of Sir Thomas Evesham, pair of consoles and 2 flanking
turrets, topped by urns and lantern with pairs of columns set diagonally and crowning
cupola. Interior approached through decorative iron gates. 2 storeys, treated
with arcading and orders of engaged Doric and Ionic columns. Arched and pedimented
1st floor windows and large bracketed cornice now supporting heavy roof of cast
iron and glass with coving, central dome and much enrichment. Central area has
patterned paving. Cloister walls plain with series of C19 and C20 historical paintings
of varied quality. Statues of Queen Elizabeth 1844, by M L Watson, Charles II
by Gibbons (?), Queen Victoria by Hamo Thorneycroft, 1895, Prince Albert by J G
Lough, 1841/2, Bust of Abraham Lincoln by Andrew O'Connor, 1930. The design of
the building perpetuates the general form of its predecessors of 1566 and 1667-9.
Listed grade I as the symbolic centre of the commercial life of the City as much
as for its architectural quality. Scheduled AM.

Listing NGR: TQ3282581144

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.