Church of St John the Baptist, Greenwich
Description: Church of St John the Baptist
Date Listed: 26 March 1954
English Heritage Building ID: 200327
OS Grid Reference: TQ4265874462
OS Grid Coordinates: 542658, 174462
Latitude/Longitude: 51.4512, 0.0517
Location: 18 A208, Eltham, Greater London SE9 1TD
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786/53/W2 ELTHAM HIGH STREET SE9
26-MAR-54 (North side)
CHURCH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST
1873-5 designed by A W Blomfield. Tower and spire completed 1879. Interior altered 1970s. Hall on N of vestry c1980.
MATERIALS: Uncoursed semi-dressed ragstone with Bath stone dressings. Red clay tile roofs. Artificial stone facing for the c1980 hall.
PLAN: W narthex-porch, nave, SE tower-cum-porch, N and S aisles, SE porch, S transeptal chancel chapel, N organ chamber/vestry with modern hall beyond.
EXTERIOR: A large Early English style church on a prominent road crossing in the centre of Eltham, and of good proportions and massing. The most conspicuous elevation is on the S and its most prominent feature is the SW steeple which doubles as a porch. It is of three stages and has large angle buttresses. The two lower stages are quite plain while the third has pairs of large lancet belfry windows with a slender shaft with shaft rings between them. The tower supports a broach spire with tall broaches and low-set, elongated lucarnes on the cardinal faces. Higher up on the intermediate faces is a small set of lucarnes. There is a large clerestory to the five-bay nave with the westerly windows having four lancets set under a superordinate arch. The middle two lancets are of equal height and are flanked by lower ones. The E bay has a single light. The aisles have lean-to roofs and their bays are demarcated by off-set buttresses, each bay having a pair of lancets. A large S transeptal chapel leads off the SW part of the chancel. Its S window has three graded lancets under a superordinate arch. There is a similar arrangement at the E end of the chancel but with five lancets. At the W end there is a lean-to narthex-porch (now church office) with N and S entrances and lancets alternating with blind arches in the W wall. Above is a row of equal-height lancets and above these a sexfoil circular window. Added to the N of the Victorian vestry is a plain parish room of c.1980.
INTERIOR: The interior is tall, spacious and rather Spartan, due in large measure to all the surfaces being painted white. The nave and aisles are separated by five-bay arcades with double-chamfered arches carried on circular piers with moulded capitals and bases. The chancel is of the same width as the nave and the two are demarcated by an arch also with double chamfering and springing from tapering corbels and a short semi-circular shafts. The same style is use for the arches from the chancel to the organ chamber (N) and the chapel (S). The five-sided nave roof has tie-beams and crown-posts while that in the chancel is keel-shaped.
PRINCIPAL FIXTURES: The aisle walls have a number of monuments from the previous church. None are of particular distinction but as a collection they add much to the character of the building. The oldest is late C17 and is at the E end of the N wall of the N aisle. Adjacent, on the E wall, is a C18 tablet to J. Bott with a weeping woman by a sarcophagus, designed by J. Bacon and made by S. Manning. Several fixtures remain from the 1870s rebuilding. The font, originally at the W end of the N aisle, now at the W end of the nave is a typically robust mid-Victorian piece whose bowl has gently rounded lobes carried on a shafted polychromatic base. At the E end the church has a plain wall but there is said to be tiling under the white paint. The pulpit is wooden and has open tracery-work. The pews have shaped ends and are not original to St John¿s but came from St Mary, Lambeth after this church was turned into the Museum of Garden History. The E and W windows contain glass of the 1950s by B E E Barber and B Thurston and is typical of its time. Victorian stained glass survives in a number of side windows.
SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: Immediately S of the S transept is a grey granite cross on steps, a memorial to Richard Mills, 1901. A second and very much larger cross forms a First World War memorial. This limestone cross and its flanking inscription walls sit between the pavement of the road and the churchyard to the S of the tower. At the SE corner of the churchyard is an attractive timber and tiled lych-gate on a stone plinth. The churchyard wall to the S and E is a separately listed (Grade II) structure dating from the C16 and C17.
HISTORY: Plans to rebuild this, the old parish church of Eltham, seem to have begun in 1872. By that time Eltham had acquired a new church, Holy Trinity, and new National Schools, and the existing building was considered most inadequate. The application for funds to the Incorporated Church Building Society contained the usual kind of complaint about the old church which was the product of much rebuilding in the late C17: 'The Building is most wretched - built of plain Stock Bricks very thin walls and the Windows plain window frames'. The north aisle, reported as being added in 1670, was 'in a very bad style and the Nave is in a decayed state'. The new church was consecrated on 3 August 1875 and included 716 seats, 120 of them for children. The architect, Arthur W Blomfield (1829-99) was one of the busiest Victorian church-builders. He began practice in 1856, and had a career spanning nearly half a century. He was knighted in 1889 and was awarded the RIBA Royal Gold Medal in 1891. The interior was given a major transformation in 1973-4 under Thomas Ford. The result is that the interior is now very much a hybrid of the late C19 and the late C20. The work has involved stripping out of the Victorian reredos, chancel screen (part of it resited in the NW nave arcade arch), subsidiary screens, painting all the surfaces, and flooring the building with carpet.
SOURCES: B. Cherry & N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: London 2: South Harmondsworth, 1983, p 280.
Incorporated Church Building Society papers, Lambeth Palace Library, file 7582.
Website: elthamchurch.org.uk/history.htm (viewed at March 2009).
REASONS FOR DESIGNATION:
The church of St John the Baptist, Eltham is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* It is a large, mid-Victorian church by a well-known architect and whose fabric is largely intact.
* It has retains some fixtures from the C19 rebuilding as well as wall tablets from the previous church.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.