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Description: St Bernard's Hospital
Date Listed: 25 June 1985
English Heritage Building ID: 201101
OS Grid Reference: TQ1462879877
OS Grid Coordinates: 514628, 179877
Latitude/Longitude: 51.5062, -0.3498
TQ 18 SW 1/1
TQ 17 NW 4/1 St Bernard's Hospital
Lunatic Asylum. 1829 by William Alderson. Additions and alterations of 1854 and 1857,
the latter by John Harris,and further later C19 alterations.Yellow brick. Low slate
roof to parapet. Basic 'U' shaped plan with octagonal pavilions to centre and ends,and
wings extending to east and west from outer octagons. Northern ballroom extension from
central octagon of 1854. South extension from central octagon of 1857 for kitchens,
dining facilities, etc. Late C19 blocks attached as appendages to central and outer
courtyards,of no interest. 2 storeys, attic and basement. Round headed windows to
ground and first floors in round headed gauged brick reveals, mostly retaining original
iron glazing bars with circular rotating opening lights. Stone band between ground and
first floor and thicker stone band above first floor. Attic storey of 1857 with square
headed architraved windows,many retaining original cast iron glazing bars with sliding
opening lights. Stone cornice and parapet to attic. Octagons crowned with arcaded
drums. Of historic interest for its innovations in psychiatric care, including a form
of occupational therapy and the large scale abolition of mechanical restraints, under
Superintendants Sir William Ellis and Dr John Conolly. Those parts of the hospital
dating from after the 1850s are not of special interest.
Listing NGR: TQ1462879877
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.