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Claybury Hospital, Redbridge

Description: Claybury Hospital

Grade: II
Date Listed: 13 June 1990
English Heritage Building ID: 204896

OS Grid Reference: TQ4336991363
OS Grid Coordinates: 543369, 191363
Latitude/Longitude: 51.6029, 0.0688

Location: Johnston Road, Ilford, Greater London IG8 9QN

Locality: Redbridge
County: Greater London
Country: England
Postcode: IG8 9QN

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Listing Text

The following building shall be added:
Woodford Bridge
TQ 4391
10/9 Claybury Hospital
Asylum. 1888-90, by G T Hine. Built of red brick with stone dressings; gabled
and hipped slate roofs and brick stacks. Echelon, or 'broad-V", plan: central
east-west corridor with chapel flanked by medical superintendant's house and
administration block to south and recreation hall to north; four ward blocks
project from east and west ends of corridor, from which obtusely-angled corri-
dors run north-east and north-west with projecting south-facing wards; area
enclosed by these corridors divided into 4 airing courts by north-south and
east-west corridors with ward blocks; service area, including laundry and
kitchen, to rear (north) of recreation hall and flanked by north-south
corridors. Chapel of cruciform plan with 6-bay aisled nave and polygonal
sanctuary end: 2-light decorated windows to sanctuary, broached octagonal
south-east spire, 3-light decorated windows to transepts, grouped lancets
to aisles, 3-light clerestory windows and 3-light north window. Medical super-
intendant's house to east in Domestic Tudor style: of 2-storey, 3-window,
range with moulded stone mullioned and transomed windows set in slightly-
projecting central bay, gabled bay to right and canted bay with pyramidal
roof to left; central Tudor-arched doorway with pointed-arched overlights
and flanking lancets with moulded architraves. Administration block to west
in similar style with roofline broken by central gabled bay flanked by canted
bays with pyramidal roofs. Recreation hall to rear of chapel has tall one-
storey; 10-window range with buttresses dividing bays each with gauged brick
semi-circular arches over stained-glass windows; tall Gothic-style tower to
rear with upper stage framed by gablets over foiled panels, surmounted by
corner pinnacles and pyramidal roof. Two-storey corridors are joined to 2
to 3-storey ward blocks with square-headed and segmental-headed sash windows
and canted bays surmounted by pyramidal roofs; pyramidal-roofed octagonal
turrets at junction of corridors and north-east and north-west corners;
pyramidal roof to broached octagonal water tower with pedimented doorway to
north West; altered 16-bay laundry block. Interior: chapel has engaged shafts
with foliate capitals to sanctuary, 5-bay nave arcades with moulded capitals
to stone piers and arch-braced open timber roof; engaged brick shafts to window
jambs; two pointed-arched doorways with foliate capitals to engaged shafts
at west end. Administration block has stained glass to front doors and flank-
ing screen windows; lobby and hall has mosaic floors, glazed brick dados,
pedimented glazed-tile architraves to doorways with Renaissance-style ornament,
pointed-arched entry with foliate capitals to engaged marble shafts to hall
which has similar-style 3-bay arcade to side of open-well staircase with decor-
ative wrought-iron balustrade and good stained glass to stairlight. Recreation
hall in elaborate Elizabethan style with Renaissance-style frieze to panelled
dado, fine ribbed segmental-arched ceiling, proscenium arch with bust set
in nowy-headed pediment flanked by obelisks surmounting coupled Corinthian
columns, and gallery to west end.
History: the major work of the specialist asylum architect, G T Hine, and
the most important asylum built in England after 1875; the first asylum to
successfully use the echelon plan, upon which all later asylums were based.

Listing NGR: TQ4010891995

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.