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Description: The Middle Tower, with Causeway to Byward Tower (Qv) and Remains of Causeway to Lion Tower to West
Date Listed: 30 November 1989
English Heritage Building ID: 206498
OS Grid Reference: TQ3345280532
OS Grid Coordinates: 533452, 180532
Latitude/Longitude: 51.5080, -0.0784
There is also a scheduled monument, Tower Hill West, at the same location as this building or very close to it. This may be related in some way or possibly a different name for the same structure.
THE TOWER OF LONDON
21/883 The Middle Tower, with
Causeway to Byward
Tower (qv) and Remains
of Causeway to Lion
Tower to west
Gatehouse. 1275-81; later alterations, principally 1717-19 by Robert Churchill
when upper floors rebuilt. Squared and coursed ragstone; refaced in Portland
stone in 1717-19. Plan of entrance passage flanked by 2-storey cylindrical
towers which have 3-storey rectangular turrets to rear. Arms of George I, by
Thomas Green, above pointed chamfered arch of 2 orders, with portcullis slot and
rearward arch with meurtrieres; early C18 double doors. Restored loops; windows
set in early C18 semicircular arched architraves with keyblocks and impost
blocks. Similar fenestration to sides and rear, which has crenellated towers
flanking central bay which has early C18 stonework (replacing original timber
frame) above pointed chamfered arch; early C18 sentry box attached to south-east
corner. Interior: lined with C13 brick; studded doors set in mid C19 pointed-
arched architraves on either side of passage, leading on north side to vice and
passage with steps to octagonal-shaped room with chamfered ribs to vault
(restored in C19) and 6 embrasures and on south side to similar room with
restored late C13 fireplace. Subsidiary features: causeway running from east
entry to Byward Tower (qv) refaced in C18. Remains of 1275-81 causeway to west,
with pointed chamfered archway to north attached to foundations of Lion Tower and
outwork of 1275-81, to north.
Listing NGR: TQ3344880528
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.