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Description: Canada House
Canada House (Including the Former Royal College of Physicians)
Date Listed: 5 February 1970
English Heritage Building ID: 207264
OS Grid Reference: TQ2992880438
OS Grid Coordinates: 529928, 180438
Latitude/Longitude: 51.5079, -0.1292
TQ 2980 SE CITY OF WESTMINSTER TRAFALGAR SQUARE, WC2
Canada House (including
5.2.70 the former Royal
College of Physicians)
Institutional building. 1824-27 by Sir Robert Smirke as premises for the Royal
College of Physicians and the Union Club, altered on conversion as Canada House
by Septimus Warwick. Bath stone, slate and lead roofs. Unified composition
occupying the west side of the square with porticoes to north (Pall Mall East)
to the square and to the south (Cockspur Street), in dignified and scholarly
Greek Revival characteristic of Smirke. 2 storeys, basement and wings and attic
over centre as built with additional (and top heavy) attics provided over
centre for Canada House. 15 windows wide to Trafalgar Square with former
central entrance now window, in tetrastyle portico in antis composed of
giant engaged Ionic columns contained by advanced giant pilastered bays.
Recessed glazing bar sash windows. The wings either side of centre-Piece
articulated in shallow projection and recession, the advanced bays with same
giant pilaster order as that flanking centrepiece and the central recessed
portion of each wing with 3 close-set windows as tripartite group. Main
entablature over 1st floor and attic storey with cornice and balustraded
parapet. Heightened attics,over centre. The return to Pall Mall East retains
original hexastyle Ionic portico (the entrance to the former Royal College of
Physicians); to Cockspur Street a giant Ionic tetrastyle portico rebuilt by
Septimus Warwick as entrance to Canada House. The interior of the former royal
College of Physicians is least altered with fine entrance hall with Greek Doric
column screen to staircase, of Club design (et Athenaeum), main reception room,
library and lecture room, all with restrained Grecian decoration, etc. The
interior of Canada House more altered, but retaining Smirke's design in the
High Commissioner's Room and in modified form the principal staircase etc. The
siting of this institutional building on the west side of Trafalgar Square was
programmed in Nash's Metropolitan Improvements of 1824-26.
Survey of London; Vol XVI.
Listing NGR: TQ2992880438
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.