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New Government Offices (Hm Treasury) and Archway Link with Foreign Office at East End of King Charle, Westminster

Description: New Government Offices (Hm Treasury) and Archway Link with Foreign Office at East End of King Charle

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 5 February 1970
English Heritage Building ID: 207602

OS Grid Reference: TQ2995679753
OS Grid Coordinates: 529956, 179753
Latitude/Longitude: 51.5018, -0.1291

Location: Horse Guards Road, Westminster, London SW1A 2 SW1A 2BJ

Locality: Westminster
County: Greater London
Country: England
Postcode: SW1A 2BJ

Incorrect location/postcode? Submit a correction!

Listing Text

91/6 ;92/28 (West side)
5.2.70 New Government Offices
(HM Treasury)
and Archway Link with
Foreign Office at East End
of King Charles Street
Government offices. 1898-1901 by John Brydon, completed with modifications in
1912 by the government architect Sir Henry Tanner. Portland stone with leaded
and slate roofs. A massive, quadrangular, English Baroque revival building
extending through to St. James's Park with central, vast, circular courtyard
(echoing the Jones-Webb Whitehall Palace scheme) entered by triple archways
from side streets on same axis as the archways to Foreign Office. 4 storeys,
with rusticated ground floor and mezzanine on basement and 2 upper storeys
articulated by engaged Corinthian column order, and angle pavilions with
belvedere storeys or 3 tier Baroque cupolas. Symmetrical facade; 17 windows
wide to Whitehall, including one window angle pavilions and 5-bay centrepiece
with tetrastyle pedimented portico centre break; 33-window range to Parliament
Square and Great George Street with angle pavilions and recessed,9-window wide,
centre with tetrastyle portico over triple archway flanked by cupola-pavilions;
4-window extension and lower quadrant return to Park front. Semicircular arched
portal to Whitehall (beneath portico) with flanking columns and pediment.
Recessed glazing bar sashes in pilastered frames with alternating pediments
on main 2nd floor. Coupled columns to portico with carved pediment set
against blind attic and coupled pilasters to angle pavilions surmounted by
belvedere attics with inscribed,Vanbrughian,Venetian windows and coupled
Ionic pilaster order. Tall entablature over mezzanine with blind balustrades
to 2nd floor windows; deep main entablature with modillion bracket cornice and
balustraded parapets. Parliament Square - Great George Street front has
coupled column portico above triple archway with pediment set against attic
which has oculi in flanking sections of the recessed centre; the 3 tier,Wren
inspired cupolas the flanking pavilions have diagonally set rusticated columns
to their main stages; the long ranges between the angle pavilions are not
articulated by the Corinthian order on their upper floors but have the
alternating pedimented 2nd floor windows, 2 of them as Venetian windows with
carved festoon and "linge" enrichments to the windows above; the Corinthian
order reappears in the 4-window west extension. The Park front resembles that
to Whitehall but with 3 storey quadrant corners in place of angle pavilions;
they have engaged Ionic colonnades and echo Scott's adjoining Foreign Office.
At the east end of King Charles Street is a triple archway (contains passage-
way link in its attic to the Foreign Office) with engaged Doric columns and
large scale figure sculpture enrichment by J. R. Mountfield. Balustraded
parapet to basement area, extended out to Storey's Gate, to link with small
stone kiosk and terminating in large corniced pier crowned by an urn. The
main circular courtyard has arcaded ground floor and an engaged Corinthian
order above. The interior has a large, double branching grand staircase; the
reinforced concrete basement at the Park end contains the "War Rooms", Sir
Winston Churchill's flat and office "bunker" during World War II.
Architectural Review; vol 24, 1908 and vol 28, 1910.

Listing NGR: TQ2995679753

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.