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Description: Churchyard Wall and 2 Entrances on County Road and One Entrance on Walton Village
Sandstone Wall Al
Date Listed: 14 March 1975
English Heritage Building ID: 213948
OS Grid Reference: SJ3582894823
OS Grid Coordinates: 335828, 394823
Latitude/Longitude: 53.4463, -2.9676
SJ 3594 COUNTY ROAD
14/319 Sandstone wall
with 2 entrances
on County Road
14.3.75 and one on
Wall to churchyard of St. Mary's Church. C19, stone. Extends for 301.5 metres, the section of wall to County Road being later than the other section, probably c.1860. The section of wall to County Road is ashlar, with weathered coping while that to Walton Village is of rubble construction. The 3 entrances have stone piers with 2 tiers of arched panels with weathering between and are gabled on all 4 sides. Iron overthrows with traceried spandrels support Lanterns; that to Walton Village is intact. The wall to Walton Village is interrupted by the Mortuary and Hearse house (q.v.). The wall to County Road incorporates a red granite 'Melly' drinking fountain with an altered backplate (set into wall) and a replacement ashlar pediment inscribed with '1861'. The bronze ornamental head water spout and tap are missing.
HISTORY: The churchyard wall is C19 in date and displays two phases of construction. The Melly fountain facing County Road was erected in 1861 by the Victorian philanthropst Charles Pierre Melly. Melly erected the first free public drinking fountains in England in Liverpool in 1854. The idea was subsequently copied in towns and cities throughout the country, and in Scotland and Ireland. London's first fountain was not erected until five years later in 1859.
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANCE: The churchyard wall surrounding St Mary's Church is of special historic interest as an important component of the ensemble formed by the grade II listed church (formerly the Parish Church of Liverpool), hearse house and mortuary. The Melly drinking fountain is one of the earliest in England and was erected by the Victorian philanthropist Charles Pierre Melly.
Listing NGR: SJ3582794817
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.