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Remains of Cluniac Benedictine Priory of St Mary and St Peter and St Paul, Castle Acre

Description: Remains of Cluniac Benedictine Priory of St Mary and St Peter and St Paul

Grade: I
Date Listed: 13 April 1987
English Heritage Building ID: 221879

OS Grid Reference: TF8142614757
OS Grid Coordinates: 581426, 314757
Latitude/Longitude: 52.7001, 0.6836

Location: S Acre Road, Castle Acre, Norfolk PE32 2AA

Locality: Castle Acre
Local Authority: King's Lynn and West Norfolk Borough Council
County: Norfolk
Country: England
Postcode: PE32 2AA

Incorrect location/postcode? Submit a correction!

There is also a scheduled monument, Castle Acre Priory, at the same location as this building or very close to it. This may be related in some way or possibly a different name for the same structure.

Explore more of the area around Castle Acre, Norfolk at Explore Britain.

Listing Text

TF 81 SW

8/11 Remains of Cluniac
Benedictine Priory
of St. Mary and St
Peter and St Paul

G.V. I

Remains of Cluniac Benedictine Priory of St. Mary and SS Peter and Paul. C12
church and monastery, C15 and C16 alterations and additions in west range
forming Prior's Lodging. Founded 1090 by William de Warrene, second Earl of
Surrey, dissolved 1537. Benedictines of the Cluniac Reform. Stone faced, flint
built church, flint monastery. Cruciform church with monastic quadrangle to
south. Church west elevation of early C12, Romanesque freestone tripartite
facade. Surviving to parapet height. Nave gable has central round arched door
with 4 orders supporting arch of diaper, rope, zig zag and bobbin sections.
Flanking bands of interlace blank arches in 3 stages. Large Perpendicular
west window, with flanking diaper pattern Norman blank windows. Clasping
nook-shafted buttresses to parapet height. Aisles have single round arch door,
blank windows and interlaced arches above. At south-west fourth storey, above
aisle formed by Transitional tower with 2 shafted 2-pointed arched windows
to each face. Blank arcading and interlace to interior of nave west gable.
Nave elevation survives on south side only, one bay of arcade with gallery
and clerestorey with half passage above. Piers with diagonal grooving, wall
shafts running through 3 storeys formerly supporting unvaulted roof. Vaulted
south aisle. Remains of C12 nave, aisles, crossing, transepts, chapels, choir
and sanctuary. Compound section piers of polychrome greystone and carstone
banding. Outline of reconstructed apsed east end terminations after Cluny
II altered to square ends in C14 and C15. C12 monastic quadrangle to south,
with Chapter house, Dormitory with undercroft and stairs, garde-robe.
Rere-dorter at right angles at south, with drains and lavatories, arched over
river. C12 Norman and C14 Infirmary. South range with Norman Refectory and
kitche, further later kitchen. West range has C12 Prior's Lodging and west
gate, altered in C15 and C16. Central c.1500 flint chequerwork and timber
frame gabled pantiled 2 storey porch with 4-centred arch and window. C12 zig
zag arch and 2 bay rib vaulted passage. Refaced facade of C12 west range to
north, with C12 range refaced in C16 at north-west. 2 storey gabled west
elevations with C15 first floor stone oriel, north face with perhaps C16
post-Dissolution stone bowed first floor window on buttress base with
squinches. Norman ground floor door. Interior has ground floor C12 aisled
vaulted undercroft with parlatorium to north. First floor Prior's Chapel
with C12 arched apsed sanctuary, C14 east window and sedile. C15 scissor
braced roof, remains of inner moulded ceiling. Presumably post-Dissolution
C16 inserted stack divides into 2 chambers. Further detached possibly agricul-
tural buildings at southwest. Scheduled Ancient Monument, County Number 2.
See F.J.E. Raby and P.K.B. Reynolds Castle Acre Priory (1952). In care of HBMC.

Listing NGR: TF8142614757

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.