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Britannia Barracks (H.q. Royal Anglican Regiment and Regimental Museum), Norwich

Description: Britannia Barracks (H.q. Royal Anglican Regiment and Regimental Museum)

Grade: II
Date Listed: 5 June 1972
English Heritage Building ID: 228865

OS Grid Reference: TG2431709553
OS Grid Coordinates: 624317, 309553
Latitude/Longitude: 52.6373, 1.3138

Location: 1 Britannia Road, Norwich NR1 4HJ

Locality: Norwich
Local Authority: Norwich City Council
County: Norfolk
Country: England
Postcode: NR1 4HJ

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Listing Text

(north-east side)
5.6.72 Britannia Barracks (H.Q. Royal Anglican Regiment and Regimental Museum)


Barracks hospital and offices, now museum. c1886, by R E officers for the Inspector General for Fortifications. Brick with terracotta dressings, ribbed brick lateral and ridge stacks with cornices, and tiled hipped roof Artisan Mannerist Revival style. Axial double-depth plan.
EXTERIOR: 2 storeys with attic; 9-bay range. A richly decorated, asymmetrical block has 3 principal elevations, cill bands, ground-floor cornice and eaves band, rubbed brick segmental-arched windows with aprons and keys, raised surrounds to larger first-floor windows and horned 4/4- and 6/6-pane sashes with small-paned overlights. Front in 2 sections, to the left a pair of gables set forward and connected by a balustrade obscured by a mid C20 single-storey service block, with a tripartite central stair light with a 9/9-pane sash in a tall half dormer, paired windows to the left-hand gable and a canted oriel to the ha1f-hipped right-hand gable; l-window ranges each side, that to the right with a doorway with boarded door.
Right-liand 4-window section has gabled half dormers, with a large octagonal 2-storey corner tower, narrow windows to each face and a leaded ogee dome with gabled dormers to alternate sides. Rear also 2 sections, a symmetrical right-hand 7 -bay range with projecting end gables with paired windows and terracotta tiles to an attic oculus, a central segmental-arched doorway with pilasters and a recessed 6-panel door, square light above with glazing bars, and a gabled dormer with pilasters.
Left-hand 5-window range has large external stacks to second and fourth bays with curved sides and a pediment above eaves level, the left-hand one containing a doorway with small-paned overlights, and tall first-floor windows, and gabled 'half dormers to middle and right-hand bays; left-hand return has triple windows and a large half dormer with enriched gable and oculus.
INTERIOR: original front entrance leads to a front open well stair with curtail and stick balusters, a large semi-circular arch to an axial corridor, good marble fireplaces and panelled shutters.
HISTORY: a standard 60-bed pavilion plan regimental hospital found at the Localisation depots like Reading and Bodmin, but a unique and nicely detailed example. A unique example of the Queen Anne style applied to barracks, comparable with the work of Norman Shaw or JJ Stevenson at this time; the octagonal tower contained baths. Part of a group with the former barracks and officers' mess, now HM Prison (qv).
(PSA Drawings Collection, NMR: 1886-: CTR 71,72).

Listing NGR: TG2431709553

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.