Description: Crawley Tower with Cottage Inside
Date Listed: 25 August 1987
English Heritage Building ID: 236575
OS Grid Reference: NU0689116514
OS Grid Coordinates: 406891, 616514
Latitude/Longitude: 55.4425, -1.8926
There is also a scheduled monument, Earthwork at Crawley Tower, at the same location as this building or very close to it. This may be related in some way or possibly a different name for the same structure.
NU 01 NE
4/230 Crawley Tower,
with cottage inside
Remains of towerhouse or tower solar. Early C14, with C18 cottage built
inside when the ruins were altered to form an eyecatcher on the Shawdon Estate.
Massive squared stone; cottage rubble with Welsh slate roof. Rectangular plan,
15.2 x 11.2 metres externally; wall toothings indicate former structure to the
north-east. L-plan cottage built against interior of south and west walls.
South elevation shows renewed door in C18 opening with small casement window
in modified loop to left. lst-floor casement in blocked doorway opening of
uncertain date, and 2 original windows at higher levels, each of 2 chamfered
lancet lights, mullions now missing. Irregular stepped C18 parapet. West
elevation shows remains of another early 2-light window above 2 later windows;
C18 embattled parapet.
North elevation shows 2-storey pent-roofed cottage inside tower, with various
casement and sash windows; above cottage roof, in south wall, is a segmental
rear arch, with window seats, of upper 2-light window. Remaining parts of
tower east and north walls have C18 crowstepped coping. Cottage has pent
single-storey part on exterior of north tower wall, with adjacent outbuilding.
Interior of cottage not seen; tower walls 2.6 metres thick, except on north
where there was probably a mural stair.
Licence to crenellate was granted in 1343, but the architectural features
probably pre-date this. Substantial earth works to the north suggest that
the tower formed part of a strongly-fortified complex.
Northumberland County History XIV 408-10.
Adjacent cottages are not of special interest.
Listing NGR: NU0689116514
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.