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Town Fortifications Including the Bell Tower, Berwick-upon-Tweed

Description: Town Fortifications Including the Bell Tower

Grade: I
Date Listed: 26 May 1971
English Heritage Building ID: 237250

OS Grid Reference: NU0022152855
OS Grid Coordinates: 400221, 652855
Latitude/Longitude: 55.7690, -1.9980

Location: Ravensdowne, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland TD15 1JG

Locality: Berwick-upon-Tweed
County: Northumberland
Country: England
Postcode: TD15 1JG

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Listing Text

840 Town Fortifications
including the Bell Tower
NU 0052 7/26O
NU 0053 8/259
NT 9952 9/256
NT 9953 10/134
One of the best examples in Europe of a fortified town. Medieval walls were
begun by Edward I and surrounded the town, with the Castle at their North
West corner. Their course is traceable, and fragments remain in the Bell
Tower (base) and walling on the North side. The Elizabethan fortifications
are unique in Britain, begun circa 1555 and built to the latest Italian
designs. In the 1760's the medieval walls were rebuilt with gun batteries,
and Coxon's Tower was rebuilt. The gates include Scotsgate (altered 1815
and 1858), Cowport (probably 1590's with C18 timber doors), Ness
Gate (1816), Shore Gate (1760's with original timber doors). Scheduled

Listing NGR: NU0022152855

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.