British Listed Buildings

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Union Suspension Bridge (That Part in England), Horncliffe

Description: Union Suspension Bridge (That Part in England)

Grade: I
Date Listed: 11 February 1988
English Heritage Building ID: 237916

OS Grid Reference: NT9341651034
OS Grid Coordinates: 393416, 651034
Latitude/Longitude: 55.7526, -2.1064

Location: Horncliffe, Northumberland TD15 2XT

Locality: Horncliffe
County: Northumberland
Country: England
Postcode: TD15 2XT

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Listing Text

NT 95 SW
1/63 Union Suspension
Bridge (that part
in England)


Suspension bridge. 1819-20 by Capt. S. Brown R.N. Sandstone ashlar piers.
Iron with wood roadway.

On Scottish side tall battered, rusticated pier with round arch for the
roadway, bold dentil cornice and high blocking course carrying the cables.
In the blocking course an iron inscription VIS UNITOR FORTIOR 1820, with
intertwined roses and thistles.

The pier at the English end is built into the cliff. It has similar rustication
and 2 stages. The lower stage contains an aedicule with modillion cornice
surrounding a bronze plaque of 1902; this stage has a modillion cornice.
Battered upper stage has dentilled cornice and a high blocking course bearing
a similar iron inscription.

The roadway is suspended from 3 pairs of wrought-iron chains with elongated
bars connected by bar links. The upper steel table is a later strengthening.

This 'bar link' was the invention of Samuel Brown and was used here for the
first time. When it was built this was the longest suspension bridge in the
world. It was remarkable also for costing only £5,000 instead of an anticipated
£20,000 for a stone bridge. It remains Britain's oldest suspension bridge in
road use.
Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Listing NGR: NT9341651034

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.