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Manor House, Gosford and Water Eaton

Description: Manor House

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 26 November 1951
English Heritage Building ID: 243282

OS Grid Reference: SP5156012067
OS Grid Coordinates: 451560, 212067
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8049, -1.2536

Location: Gosford, Oxfordshire OX2 8HE

Locality: Gosford and Water Eaton
Local Authority: Cherwell District Council
County: Oxfordshire
Country: England
Postcode: OX2 8HE

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Listing Text

6/45 Manorhouse
Manor house. c.1586 for William Frere, enlarged and altered late C17; restored
1881-2 by T.G. Jackson, and c.1905 by G.F. Bodley as tenant. Coursed squared
limestone with ashlar dressings; Stonesfield-slate roofs with ashlar stacks. L
plan with added rear wing. 2 storeys plus attic. 3-window front has a central
2-storey porch with a 4-centred archway flanked by Doric columns on pedestals,
below a plain entablature, above which rise Ionic pilasters flanking a 3-light
stone-mullioned window; left bay has a large 2-storey 8-light canted
mullioned-and-transomed bay window; bay window and porch are crowned by very
shallow gables with obelisk finials, above which stand stone dormer gables with
similar finials, moulded kneelers, and 4-light mullioned windows. Inner doorway
is also arched and has the original massive plank door. Right bay has 6-light
mullioned-and-transomed window over a mullioned cellar window, but a similar
first-floor window has been reduced to 2 lights and the dormer gable has a
2-light window. Hood moulds at ground and first floors form continuous string
courses, and all windows have leaded glazing. To right of the porch are small
subsidiary windows. Both end walls have gable parapets with finials, but the
left end was intended as an internal wall, the front of the demolished bay
indicated by part of the court wall (q.v.). The right gable wall has a
Tudor-arched cellar door, a 4-light mullioned-and-transomed first-floor window
and a dormer gable with a 4-light window. This wall returns to contemporary rear
wing with, at ground floor, two 3-light transomed windows with plain chamfered
mullions (all other windows have ovolo mullions), a 5-light first-floor window
and a further 4-light dormer in a similar stone gable. Rear gable wall has a
massive chimney projection with 4 diagonal shafts. Left side of wing has
first-floor windows and dormer gables of similar type. Rear of main range
retains a 3-light transomed first floor window and has a large chimney
projection with 3 diagonal shafts. The hipped-roofed stair wing, returning from
the left end of the main range, has a 2-light mullioned window with label. C17
service wing, to rear of chimney projection, is of one storey plus attic, with
wooden cross windows and a gable parapet with plain projecting kneelers; it
continues as a single-storey range with old leaded casements and external stone
steps leading to a loft. Small C18 single-storey extension to rear of main wing
has a canted bay window with sashes. Interior: hall has no screens passage but
is lined with C17 oak panelling; a fine wooden doorway, with ovolo and concave
mouldings and carved vase stops, leads right, and a Tudor-arched stone doorway
leads to the stair wing which contains a long dogleg stair with renewed
balustrade. Study has late C17 panelling painted green with gilding, and
incorporating an arched display alcove; wooden doorway has double-ovolo moulding
and carved vase stops. Rear wing has heavy timber-framed partitions with
chamfered doorways, and incorporates a re-set 4-centre arched stone doorway with
recessed spandrels inscribed "1586" and "W.F."; dogleg stair rising to attics
has C17 heavy turned balusters and knob finials to the newels. Ornamental
plasterwork in hall and dining room (Tudor roses, fleur-de-lys, arabesques etc.)
is probably C19. First floor has much C17 panelling, mostly altered or re-used,
and has Tudor-arched stone doorways to the porch chamber and leading from the
stair wing. Roof structure is C19. The house was owned by the second Baron
Lovelace during the Civil War; G.F. Bodley died there in 1907. The estate has
been owned by the Sawyer family since 1767. Forms a fine group with the chapel
(q.v.) and subsidiary buildings (q.v.).
(Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, pp.825-6; H Avray Tipping, "Water Eaton
Manor, oxfordshire", Country Life, Nov. 9th 1907, pp.666-74; V.C.H.:
Oxfordshire, Vol.12 (to be published)).

Listing NGR: SP5155712067

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.